Corpus ID: 203583944

21 Diachronic Phonology

  title={21 Diachronic Phonology},
  author={Ricardo Berm{\'u}dez-Otero},
As the title of this part of the volume indicates, the study of sound change 1 compels us to think hard about the relationship between phonological structure and what lies beyond: the physics of sound, the physiology of speech, the social and cultural context of communication. Yet, for that very reason, diachrony lies at the heart of current phonological debates. In particular, historical questions are crucial to the renewed controversy between formalist and functionalist approaches to… Expand
Mechanisms of Phonological Change.
MECHANISMS OF PHONOLOGICAL CHANGE Betsy Sneller William Labov The traditional Philadelphia allophonic /æ/ system (henceforth: phl shown in (1) below) is characterized by a set of complicatedExpand
The origins and early development of variationism 2 . 1 Attack on the idiolect : Grammar as a social object
As pointed out by Coetzee (2009), the study of what is still often called “free variation” (but not by those who study it) has followed a largely parallel history to the development of GenerativeExpand
A System for Morphophonological Learning and its Consequences for Language Change
This dissertation proposes a learning algorithm that replicates historically attested paradigmlevellings and makes accurate predictions for language change, which helps substantiate the link between learning theory and language change. Expand
Changing Words and Sounds: The Roles of Different Cognitive Units in Sound Change
The results of this study support models of change that rely on phonetically detailed representations for both word- and sound-level cognitive units. Expand
Incomplete Neutralization via Paradigm Uniformity and Weighted Constraints
Incomplete neutralization occurs when two underlying segments become phonologically neutralized, but do not surface as phonetically identical. This phenomenon presents a challenge for traditionalExpand
On the interaction of deaffrication and consonant harmony*
To determine whether this anomaly is an accidental gap or a systematic peculiarity of particular error patterns, two commonly occurring processes were considered, namely Deaffrication and Consonant Harmony. Expand
Complete and incomplete neutralisation in Fuzhou tone sandhi
  • Yang Li
  • Psychology
  • 2016
This is a study of incomplete neutralisation using Fuzhou tone sandhi as a test case. In Fuzhou Min, Tone 44 and Tone 232 undergo putative neutralisation into Tone 53 preceding a set of low tones,Expand
Phonetics-phonology interactions in pre-sonorant voicing


Markedness in phonology and in syntax: the problem of grounding
It is argued that most markedness constraints may in fact emerge in the course of linguistic development through the child's monitoring of her own performance, and that infants require knowledge of markedness during language acquisition in order to transcend the limitations of inductive generalization. Expand
Competing Changes as a Cause of Residue
In the literature on sound change, much has been made of the neogrammarian doctrine that sound changes operate without exceptions. Without some such hypothesis any description would be a long list ofExpand
The actuation problem in Optimality Theory: phonologization, rule inversion, and rule loss
This chapter outlines Optimality Theory’s contribution to research into the actuation of phonological change and argues that markedness generalizations are not mere epiphenomena of performancedriven change, and refutes the claim that inverted phonological processes are synchronically arbitrary. Expand
Phonetic Interpretation Papers in Laboratory Phonology VI: External sandhi as gestural overlap? Counter-evidence from Sardinian
XX.1 Models of assimilatory external sandhi External sandhi stands right at the heart of a number of current issues in phonology and phonetics. The traditional assumption is that such " phonologicalExpand
Recent investigations of the history of Chinese have given new support to the view that sound change diffuses gradually across the lexicon. Yet instrumental studies of sound change in progressExpand
Word-specific phonetics
Though highly successful in explaining a wide range of data, such models are now challenged by a number of studies demonstrating the existence of word-specific phonetic detail, which would require a formal treatment of the cognitive capabilities which permit it. Expand
Prosodic optimization: the Middle English length adjustment
During late Old and Middle English, the distribution of short and long vowels in stressed syllables was profoundly altered. The changes involved have traditionally been understood as conspiring toExpand
Phonological change in Optimality Theory
The relationship between Optimality Theory (OT) and historical phonology works both ways: OT provides new angles on long-standing diachronic questions, whilst historical data and models of changeExpand
Explaining Phonetic Variation: A Sketch of the H&H Theory
In the H&H program the quest for phonetic invariance is replaced by another research task: Explicating the notion of sufficient discriminability and defining the class of speech signals that meet that criterion. Expand
Allophonic variation in English /l/ and its implications for phonetic implementation
The results are interpreted as evidence that there is no reason to treat the light and dark allophones as categorically distinct phonological (or phonetic) entities in English, and it is argued further that coarticulatory undershoot accounts for a large part of the correlation of darkness with duration. Expand