20-Gbit/s directly modulated buried heterostructure photonic crystal laser with 8.76-fJ/bit operating energy

@article{Matsuo201020GbitsDM,
  title={20-Gbit/s directly modulated buried heterostructure photonic crystal laser with 8.76-fJ/bit operating energy},
  author={Shinji Matsuo and Akihiko Shinya and Chin-Hui Chen and Kengo Nozaki and Tomonari Sato and Yoshihiro Kawaguchi and Masaya Notomi},
  journal={36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication},
  year={2010},
  pages={1-3}
}
An ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic crystal nanocavity laser exhibits a small energy cost of 8.76 fJ/bit with 20-Gbit/s modulation by optical pumping. The maximum output power in waveguide and the external differential quantum efficiency are −10.3 dBm and 53%, respectively.