Corpus ID: 8899504

2 Motor Control , Biological and Theoretical 3 4

@inproceedings{Miall20022MC,
  title={2 Motor Control , Biological and Theoretical 3 4},
  author={R. Chris Miall},
  year={2002}
}
6 Biological motor control can be characterized as a problem of con7 trolling nonlinear, unreliable systems whose states are monitored 8 with slow and sometimes low-quality sensors. In response to 9 changing sensory inputs, internal goals, or motor errors, the motor 10 system must solve several basic problems: selection of an appro11 priate action and transformation of control signals from sensory to 12 motor coordinate frameworks; coordination of the selected move13 ment with other ongoing… Expand

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A general hierarchical approach to modeling sensorimotor systems is suggested, which better reflects the real control problem faced by the brain, as a first step toward identifying the actual neurocomputational steps and their anatomical partitioning in the brain. Expand
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The uses of such internal models for solving several fundamental computational problems in motor control are outlined and the evidence for their existence and use by the central nervous system is reviewed. Expand
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This article suggests that the cerebellum forms two types of internal model, a forward predictive model of the motor apparatus and a time delays in the control loop, which delays a copy of the rapid prediction so that it can be compared in temporal register with actual sensory feedback from the movement. Expand
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This review will focus on the possibility that the cerebellum contains an internal model or models of the motor apparatus, and the necessity of such a model and the evidence, based on the ocular following response, that inverse models are found within the Cerebellar circuitry. Expand
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These models provide hints toward resolving a long-standing controversy in the oculomotor literature regarding the sites of adaptive changes in the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) and the optokinetic eye movement response (OKR), and suggest new experiments to elucidate general mechanisms of sensory motor learning. Expand
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