• Corpus ID: 30114723

15 SURVEY OF CALIFORNIA AND OTHER INDIAN LANGUAGES Structure and Contact in Languages of the Americas

  title={15 SURVEY OF CALIFORNIA AND OTHER INDIAN LANGUAGES Structure and Contact in Languages of the Americas},
  author={John Sylak-Glassman and Justin Spence},
This paper investigates the functions of the verbal suffix -shka in Imbabura Quichua (IQ), a Quechua IIB language spoken in the northern highlands of Ecuador. Cole (1982:148) analyzes -shka as — among other functions — a perfect aspect inflection on main verbs, noting that it indicates in addition “a degree of surprise.” Cognate forms in other Quechua languages have been labelled ‘sudden discovery tense’ and translated as ‘it turned out that. . .’ even though they are reportedly not restricted… 


Lexical categories and voice in Tagalog
The meaning and lexical category of so-called verbal roots is one aspect of the voice systems in Tagalog and other Philippine-type languages which has received little attention in the controversy
Past tense forms and their functions in South Conchucos Quechua
Author(s): Hintz, Diane | Abstract: Characterizations of tense in language generally focus on placement in time. This study demonstrates that tense forms in South Conchucos Quechua (SCQ) not only
Suffix ordering in Bantu: a morphocentric approach
The striking conclusion to drawn from this study is that there is no evidence that Bantu suffix ordering is driven by semantic compositionality or by a general Mirror Principle, and this conclusion challenges the fundamental approach of those who have cited BantU derivational suffixes in support of a non-arbitrary relation between morphology and syntax, or between semantics and semantics.
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World
This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states.
A Taxonomy and Typology of Lushootseed Valency‐Increasing Suffixes
  • D. Beck
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 2009
A great deal has been written about causatives and applicatives, yet efforts to relate these two types of valency‐increaser are still in their early stages. This paper is an attempt to develop a
The Deictic Core of 'Non‐Experienced Past' in Cuzco Quechua
It is argued that -sqa is not of the same type as enclitics which specify the speaker's type of source of information as the best possible, reportative, or conjectural, and event-level evidentiality, which, in the case of Quechua, is deictically induced.
Voice and Grammatical Relations in Austronesian Languages
This volume explores various problems in the syntax of Austronesian languages, which are found primarily in Malaysia and the Polynesian islands. Using the framework of constraint-based theories of
Approaches to affix order
This article is an attempt to survey a number of recent approaches to affix order, compare the scope of their empirical predictions, and illustrate them with data from Quechua suffixation, to illustrate the problem o f the lack o f m odulari ty o f affix-order studies.
Passive and voice
This volume offers the research results on broadly defined topics centering around the voice system, and the papers prepared originally by the leading scholars in linguistic typology offer new insights into topics such as passives and ergativity, passive and the focus system, voice and inverse marking, antipassives, semantics and functions of passives/antipassives.
Voice without subjects, objects, or obliques: Manipulating argument structure in Agent/Patient systems (Mohawk)
This work examines figument stucture in Mohawk, an Iroquoian language of the northeastem Norh America, which exhibits no evidence of subject, object, or even oblique categories.