137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

  title={137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes},
  author={Peter de Barros Damgaard and Nina Marchi and Simon Rasmussen and Micha{\"e}l Peyrot and Gabriel Renaud and Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar and Mikkel Winther Pedersen and Amy Goldberg and Emma R. Usmanova and Nurbol Baimukhanov and Valeriy Loman and Lotte Hedeager and Anders Gorm Pedersen and Kasper Nielsen and Gennady Afanasiev and Kunbolot Akmatov and Almaz A. Aldashev and Ashyk Alpaslan and Gabit Baimbetov and Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii and Arman Z Beisenov and Bazartseren Boldbaatar and Bazartseren Boldgiv and Ch. M. Dorzhu and Sturla Ellingv{\aa}g and Diimaajav Erdenebaatar and Rana Basem Dajani and E. A. Dmitriev and Valeriy Evdokimov and Karin Margarita Frei and Andrey Gromov and Alexander Goryachev and Hakon H. Hakonarson and Tatyana Hegay and Zaruhi A. Khachatryan and Ruslan Khaskhanov and Egor Kitov and Alina Kolbina and Tabaldiev Kubatbek and Alexey Kukushkin and Igor Kukushkin and Nina Lau and Ashot Margaryan and Inga Merkytė and Ilya V. Mertz and Viktor K. Mertz and Enkhbayar Mijiddorj and Vyacheslav Moiyesev and Gulmira Mukhtarova and Bekmukhanbet Nurmukhanbetov and Z. Orozbekova and Irina P. Panyushkina and Karol Pieta and Vaclav Smrcka and I. V. Shevnina and Andrey Logvin and Karl-G{\"o}ran Sj{\"o}gren and Tereza {\vS}tolcov{\'a} and Angela M. Taravella and Kadicha Tashbaeva and Alexander Tkachev and Turaly Tulegenov and Dmitriy Voyakin and Levon Yepiskoposyan and Sainbileg Undrakhbold and Victor Varfolomeev and Andrzej Weber and Melissa A. Wilson Sayres and Nikolay Kradin and Morten E. Allentoft and Ludovic Orlando and Rasmus Nielsen and Martin Sikora and Evelyne Heyer and Kristian Kristiansen and Eske Willerslev},
For thousands of years the Eurasian steppes have been a centre of human migrations and cultural change. Here we sequence the genomes of 137 ancient humans (about 1× average coverage), covering a period of 4,000 years, to understand the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age migrations. We find that the genetics of the Scythian groups that dominated the Eurasian steppes throughout the Iron Age were highly structured, with diverse origins comprising Late Bronze Age… 
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