12 Sex and Gender Issues in Pain

  title={12 Sex and Gender Issues in Pain},
  author={Edmond Charlton},
B. Know that women are at greater risk for several chronic painful disorders, including temporomandibular disorders, fibromyalgia, migraine headache, interstitial cystitis, joint pain, irritable bowel syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, and trigeminal neuralgia (Unruh 1996; Jones and Nyberg 1997; LeResche 1999; Buckwalter and Lappin 2000; Dao and LeResche 2000). Be aware that these differences vary with age and are associated with endogenous or exogenous sex hormone changes, for example… CONTINUE READING


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: are the effects dependent on gender ?

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