1. Implicit and Explicit Learning, Knowledge and Instruction

  title={1. Implicit and Explicit Learning, Knowledge and Instruction},
  author={R. Ellis},
  • R. Ellis
  • Published 31 December 2009
  • Psychology
(1) Implicit learning proceeds without making demands on central attentional resources. As N. Ellis (2008: 125) puts it, ‘generalizations arise from conspiracies of memorized utterances collaborating in productive schematic linguistic productions’. Thus, the resulting knowledge is subsymbolic, reflecting statistical sensitivity to the structure of the learned material. In contrast, explicit learning typically involves memorizing a series of successive facts and thus makes heavy demands on… 

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