1 Swarm Intelligence in Data Mining

  title={1 Swarm Intelligence in Data Mining},
  author={Crina Grosan and Ajith Abraham and Monica Chis},
Swarm behavior can be seen in bird flocks, fish schools, as well as in insects like mosquitoes and midges. Many animal groups such as fish schools and bird flocks clearly display structural order, with the behavior of the organisms so integrated that even though they may change shape and direction, they appear to move as a single coherent entity [11]. The main principles of the collective behavior as presented in Figure 1.1 are: 
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