1 July 1858: what Wallace knew; what Lyell thought he knew; what both he and Hooker took on trust; and what Charles Darwin never told them

  title={1 July 1858: what Wallace knew; what Lyell thought he knew; what both he and Hooker took on trust; and what Charles Darwin never told them},
  author={Roy Davies},
  journal={Biological Journal of The Linnean Society},
  • R. Davies
  • Published 1 July 2013
  • History
  • Biological Journal of The Linnean Society
At the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858, Charles Lyell and Joseph Hooker, using only an extract from Charles Darwin's unpublished essay of 1844, and a copy of a recent letter to Asa Gray in Boston, argued successfully that Darwin understood how species originate long before a letter from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining his own version of the theory of evolution arrived at Darwin's home. That letter from Ternate in the Malay Archipelago, however, was not the first letter Darwin received from… 
1 July 1858 and the 1844 essay: what Lyell and Hooker decided; and what Darwin did not want and did not know
Darwin's role in ‘the delicate arrangement’ is refined, as well as the basis for Hooker's and Lyell's, and why did they choose an essay excerpt to be presented contrary to Darwin's wishes is questioned.
Did Wallace's Ternate essay and letter on natural selection come as a reply to Darwin's letter of 22 December 1857? A brief review
The conclusion is that Wallace's materials represented in part a reply to the Darwin letter dated 22 December 1857 very likely did not, and in turn probably were sent in March, not April, 1858.
Wallace, Darwin and Ternate 1858
  • Charles Hyde Smith
  • Art, Psychology
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2014
A closer look is taken at the critical question of whether Wallace's manuscript-accompanying letter represented a reply to the Darwin letter that arrived in Ternate on 9 March; it is concluded that it very probably did not.
Alfred Russel Wallace: Self-Educated Genius and Polymath
Alfred Russel Wallace was a Colossus: courageous, heroic, radical, modest, and above all, a man of insatiable curiosity. One hundred years on one can propose that his prescience anticipated many
Spatial and temporal population dynamics in the mountain tundra – mesopredator and prey
It is well known that competition, predation and fluctuating food resources can have strong effect on individual fitness and population dynamics. The complexity of natural systems can make it compl


How Charles Darwin received Wallace's Ternate paper 15 days earlier than he claimed: a comment on van Wyhe and Rookmaaker (2012)
It is argued that the letter did indeed arrive in the port of Southampton on 2 June 1858 and would have been at Darwin's home near London the following day and any charges that he plagiarized the ideas of Wallace from that letter would be shown to be wrong.
A new theory to explain the receipt of Wallace's Ternate Essay by Darwin in 1858
It is intended to show that Wallace in fact sent the Ternate essay on the mail steamer of April 1858, for which the postal connections actually indicate the letter to have arrived precisely on 18 June, and Darwin is vindicated from accusations of deceit.
Wallace, Darwin, and the theory of natural selection
On 1 July 1908 the Linnean Society of London commemorated the reading before the Society fifty years earlier of the DarwinWallace joint papers, "On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin
This volume is part of the definitive edition of letters written by and to Charles Darwin, the most celebrated naturalist of the nineteenth century. Notes and appendixes put these fascinating and
Darwin and divergence: The Wallace connection
A fruitful way to characterize the relationship between Darwin and Wallace may be found in terms of game theory, if Wallace's contributions to the theory of evolution by means of natural selection are recognized.
Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better
A critical comparison between the contributions of the two scientists is presented and it is argued that Wallace had a far greater experience of collecting and investigating animals and plants from their native habitats than had Darwin.
Darwin's botanical arithmetic and the “principle of divergence,” 1854–1858
  • J. Browne
  • Education
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 1980
It is proposed that Darwin's botanical arithmetic provided a great deal of the content of that principle and provided the information that disclosed problems which could only be solved by the intervention of an extra "force" in evolutionary theory.
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection: Or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life
Charles Darwin's seminal formulation of the theory of evolution, "On the Origin of Species" continues to be as controversial today as when it was first published. This "Penguin Classics" edition
The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin: Including an Autobiographical Chapter
The spread of evolution is discussed, including second editions of 'Coral Reefs', the 'Descent of Man' and the 'Variation of Animals and Plants' 1874-1875.
Charles Darwin's natural selection, being the second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858
This book discusses the role of natural selection in the development of humans, its role in the domestication of animals, and other topics.