00 4 The Existence of an Old Quasar at z = 3 . 91 and its Implications for Λ ( t ) Deflationary Cosmologies

Abstract

We investigate some observational constraints on decaying vacuum cosmologies based on the recently discovered old high redshift quasar APM 08279+5255. This object is located at z = 3.91 and has an estimated age of 2-3 Gyr. The class of Λ(t) cosmologies is characterized by a positive β parameter smaller than unity which quantifies the ratio between the vacuum and the total energy density. Assuming the lower limit age (2 Gyr) and that the cold dark matter contributes with ΩM = 0.2 we show that β is constrained to be ≥ 0.07 while for an age of 3 Gyr and ΩM = 0.4 the β parameter must be greater than 0.32. Our analysis includes closed, flat and hyperbolic scenarios, and it strongly suggests that there is no age crisis for this kind of Λ(t) cosmologies. Lower limits to the redshift quasar formation are also briefly discussed to the flat case. For ΩM = 0.4 we found that the redshift formation is constrained by zf ≥ 8.0. jvital@dfte.ufrn.br rose@dfte.ufrn.br

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Santos2008004T, title={00 4 The Existence of an Old Quasar at z = 3 . 91 and its Implications for Λ ( t ) Deflationary Cosmologies}, author={Rui C. Santos}, year={2008} }