.1 Second-order Phase Transitions 1.2 Critical Exponents

  title={.1 Second-order Phase Transitions 1.2 Critical Exponents},
  author={Hagen Kleinert and Verena Schulte-Frohlinde},
1 Introduction Systems containing a large number of particles exhibit a great variety of phase transitions. Most common are first-and second-order transitions. A transition is said to be first-order if the internal energy changes discontinuously at a certain temperature. Such a transition is accompanied by the release or absorption of latent heat. Important examples are melting and evaporation processes. Second-order transitions involve no latent heat, and the internal energy changes… CONTINUE READING
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