'Women do not count, neither shall they be counted': Suffrage, Citizenship and the Battle for the 1911 Census

  title={'Women do not count, neither shall they be counted': Suffrage, Citizenship and the Battle for the 1911 Census},
  author={Jill Liddington and Jill Elizabeth Crawford},
  journal={History Workshop Journal},
  pages={127 - 98}
The 1911 census, released in 2009, is of particular interest to historians. Additional columns recorded for the first time the number of years a woman had been married, her children still living and those who had died. Moreover, the census was taken at a time of heightened political momentum. The Liberal government pushed for ambitious welfare reforms; at the same time, the Votes for Women campaign was growing vigorously. Suffrage organizations decided to boycott the census in protest at women… Expand

Figures from this paper

The Campaign for Women’s Suffrage in York and the 1911 Census Evasion
Abstract This article examines the history of women’s suffrage agitation in York one hundred years after some women were able to vote for the first time in Parliamentary elections, in December 1918.Expand
In Search of the New Woman: Middle-Class Women and Work in Britain 1870–1914
1. 'A sort of bogey whom no-one has ever seen'? The nature of the search 2. 'All that she sees before her ... is teaching': formal schooling and its opportunities 3. 'The exercise of what may beExpand
Against the Oedipal Politics of Formation in Edna O'Brien's A Pagan Place: "Women do not Count, Neither Shall they be Counted"
Edna O’Brien’s A Pagan Place is one of her lesser-known novels, which discusses decades of women’s sexual oppression and anomalous formations; it is a sexually conscious narrative of an IrishExpand
No vote ‐ no census: an account of some of the events of 1910–1911
  • I. White
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Population trends
  • 2010
How the 2011 Census demonstrates how, though times change and technology moves on, a successful census was conducted despite the deeply sensitive political times is demonstrated. Expand
The United Irishwomen
This chapter examines how women in the rural reform movement responded to the idea that their domestic role could form the basis of an Irish identity. The United Irishwomen, founded in 1910 as theExpand
Guerrilla inscription: Transatlantic abolition and the 1851 census
ABSTRACT This article reimagines the transatlantic climate of abolition by a focus on a specific incident. Wilson Armistead, a Yorkshire Quaker merchant, abolitionist, and prolific author, hosted theExpand
Changing Spaces: art, politics, and identity in the home studios of the Suffrage Atelier
The Suffrage Atelier was an artists' group formed to produce propaganda for the women's suffrage campaign. Its headquarters were located in a series of artists' London homes between 1909 and 1914.Expand
The Material of Authorised Protest Pasts
As a highly successful social movement, the British Votes for Women campaign of the late 19th and early 20th century remains unparalleled in its memorial status, continuing to fascinate generationsExpand
Caution – Census Data Being Used: exploring and understanding errors and falsification in the Irish census
There are currently 23 bridges over the Liffey westwards from Lucan but only five of them were built east of O’Connell Bridge since 1850 and one is a pedestrian only bridge. This was despite aExpand
The Modern Irish Bildungsroman: A Narrative of Resistance and Deformation
My thesis examines the ways in which the critical structure of modern Irish Bildungsroman deconstructs and re-examines ‘residues of past trauma’ in the form of socio-cultural, psychological,Expand


The Militant Suffrage Movement: Citizenship and Resistance in Britain, 1860-1930
The image of upper-class women chaining themselves to the rails of 10 Downing Street, smashing windows of public buildings, and going on hunger strikes in the cause of "votes for women" have becomeExpand
The women's suffrage movement: new feminist perspectives
Introduction: the writing of the women's suffrage movement - a "coming of age", Maroula Joannou and June Purvis. Now you see it, now you don't - the Women's Franchise League and its place inExpand
Suffrage Days: Stories from the Women's Suffrage Movement
This is a history of the suffrage movement in Britain from the beginnings of the first sustained campaign in the 1860s to the winning of the vote for women in 1918. The book focuses on a number ofExpand
Private Lives, Public Spirit: Britain: 1870-1914
Part 1 Themes and Interpretations: An Overview of British Society, 1870-19I4 - Continuity and change The impact of Empire The emergence of class Individualism and collectivism From 'AncientExpand
The statistical big bang of 1911: ideology, technological innovation and the production of medical statistics.
  • W. Higgs
  • Medicine
  • Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
  • 1996
Controversy between eugenicists and public health officials respecting the cause and effect of class-specific variations in fertility led to the introduction of questions in the 1911 census on marital fertility, it is argued. Expand
The British Women's Suffrage Campaign, 1866-1928
Acknowledgements Chronology Abbreviations PART ONE 1. Introduction PART TWO 2 . The Victorian Suffrage Campaign, 1866-97 3. The Constitutional Societies, 1897-1910 4. The Militant Societies, 1903-14Expand
Fingerprints and Citizenship: The British State and the Identification of Pensioners in the Interwar Period
  • E. Higgs
  • Geography, Medicine
  • History workshop journal : HWJ
  • 2010
This article looks at why proposals in the interwar period to fingerprint British welfare claimants were rejected by state officials, the proximate reason being that fingerprinting was associated with criminals. Expand
The Spectacle of Women
Feminist Review. www.jstor.org ® men invariably in control of the channel selector; and many other issues are explored. One sad ommission, though, was any consideration of how women 'read' orExpand
Changing Family Size in England and Wales: Place, Class and Demography, 1891-1911
Preface and Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2. Locations for study 3. Studying locations 4. Infant and child mortality from the 1911 census 5. Fertility and fertility behaviour 1891-1911 6. TheExpand
Census: The Expert Guide
This guide shows how using census can transform your family research. It shows how to interpret intricate details of your ancestors' lives, from names, addresses and ages to family relationships,Expand