'Rough Consensus and Running Code' and the Internet-OSI Standards War

  title={'Rough Consensus and Running Code' and the Internet-OSI Standards War},
  author={Andrew L. Russell},
  journal={IEEE Annals of the History of Computing},
  • A. Russell
  • Published 1 July 2006
  • History
  • IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Internet historians recognize the technical achievements but often overlook the bureaucratic innovations of Internet pioneers. The phrase, "We reject: kings, presidents, and voting. We believe in: rough consensus and running code," was coined by David Clark in 1992. This article explains how the phrase captured the technical and political values of Internet engineers during a crucial phase in the Internet's growth 

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