'Reinventing Jeanne': The Iconology of Joan of Arc in Vichy Schoolbooks, 1940-44

  title={'Reinventing Jeanne': The Iconology of Joan of Arc in Vichy Schoolbooks, 1940-44},
  author={Eric Jennings},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={711 - 734}
  • E. Jennings
  • Published 1 October 1994
  • History
  • Journal of Contemporary History
From the late nineteenth century onward, the female symbols of Marianne and Joan of Arc began to be claimed by conflicting elements of a rapidly polarizing French society. They were presented as bitter rivals -the one adopted by republican or leftwing nationalists, the other increasingly by integral nationalists. Originally forged by a pantheon of chroniclers, from the contemporaneous view offered by Christine de Pisan to Voltaire's disparaging description, to Michelet's and then Bernanos… 
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From 1792 onwards republican France has effectively used iconological propaganda to represent, and to reinforce, its ideology. The tricolor, the Marseillaise, the rooster, and Marianne: all are
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104-7; Wilfred Halls, The Youth of Vichy France (Oxford 1981), 268, and Pierre Giolitto
  • Histoire de la Jeunesse sous Vichy (Paris
  • 1993
Although this work was published by a Catholic printing house, it was also to be distributed in secular schools
  • 1991
Les Françaises sous Vichy', in Françoise Thébaud and Georges Duby
  • Histoire des Femmes en Occident
  • 1991
cit., 98. Although this work was published by a Catholic printing house, it was also to be distributed in secular schools
  • See Nick Atkin, Church and Schools in Vichy France,
  • 1991
Reshaping the Past. The Teaching of History in Vichy France
  • Modern and Contemporary France,
  • 1990
Reshaping the Past. The Teaching of History in Vichy France', Modern and Contemporary France
  • 1990