author={Amnon Sella},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={555 - 583}
  • Amnon Sella
  • Published 1 July 1978
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Contemporary History
Since the beginning of the second world war there have been four surprise attacks which have made a world-wide impact on politicalmilitary thinking: ’Barbarossa’, Pearl Harbour, the Six-Day War and the October War. Despite some differences, these four present noteworthy similarities and can be considered as a group. In general terms the intention of a surprise attack is to shock and paralyze the political-military system, in the hope that any recovery will at best be slow. If it is successful… 
2 Citations
The landscape of the naval battle at the Egadi Islands (241 B.C.)
The final battle of the First Punic War between Rome and Carthage, the battle of the Egadi Islands, took place in 241 B.C. Finds of multiple bronze warship rams, helmets, and amphoras, destined for a


Battle of britain.
  • N. Trieger
  • History, Economics
    Anesthesia progress
  • 1970
The air attack on Britain will begin in July 1940 with the German air force using everything that they have in an attempt to get Britain to surrender.
15. 45. Bagramyan, op. cit., 90, 112. 46. Ibid., 111; see also Boldin, op. cit., 94. 47. Fedyuninskii, op. cit
    Apart from Erickson none of these sources deals directly with the periods
      According to an intelligence report General von Lengwitz, in a speech to the 12 Army Corps, had said: '... you are the first to cross the border in our war against Russia'; see also Nekrich
      • 1941
      Generalnyi shtab ν gody voiny (Moscow 1968)
      • Tyulenev, op. cit.,
      • 1968
      Topograficheskoe obespecheme voisk v Velikoe Otechestvennois voine' in VIZ
      • 1970
      The fact that the Politburo issued such a decree on Saturday
        Memoirs (London 1953)
        • 1946
        Sovershenstovovanie tekhnicheskogo obespecheniya bronetankovykh voisk v operatsiyakh
        • in VIZ,
        • 1967