“We Are Not a Nonproliferation Agency”: Henry Kissinger's Failed Attempt to Accommodate Nuclear Brazil, 1974–1977

  title={“We Are Not a Nonproliferation Agency”: Henry Kissinger's Failed Attempt to Accommodate Nuclear Brazil, 1974–1977},
  author={Carlo Patti and Matias Spektor},
  journal={Journal of Cold War Studies},
In the aftermath of India's first nuclear explosion in 1974, U.S. officials concluded that Brazil posed a growing proliferation risk, and they proposed to target Brazil with a new set of nonproliferation policies that included the denial of fuel-cycle technologies. However, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger expressed doubt that such an approach would curb Brazilian nuclear ambitions. Pushing back against influential voices in the U.S. Congress, the State Department, and the U.S. Arms Control… 

Rethinking Nuclear Cooperation in Argentina’s and Brazil’s Competition for Prestige, 1972–1980

  • C. Dunlap
  • Political Science
    Latin American Research Review
  • 2021
This article advances several arguments about scientific and diplomatic collaboration on peaceful nuclear energy technologies between Argentina and Brazil. First, although 1972–1980 is generally

The forbidden cooperation: South Africa–Brazil nuclear relations at the turn of the 1970s

  • C. Patti
  • Political Science
    Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional
  • 2018
Contributing to a global nuclear history, this article discusses Brazil’s refusal to accept sensitive nuclear assistance from South Africa in the late 1970s. Relying on primary sources and oral



A Scheme of ‘Control’: The United States and the Origins of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group, 1974–1976*

India's nuclear test in May 1974 created a predicament for US nuclear diplomacy. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's immediate response was low-key, but he became worried about the spread of nuclear

Commercial Liberties and Nuclear Anxieties: The US-German Feud over Brazil, 1975–7

In June 1975, Helmut Schmidt's government in West Germany sanctioned the sale of a complete nuclear fuel cycle to Brazil, including uranium enrichment and reprocessing technology. US observers in

Alliance Coercion and Nuclear Restraint: How the United States Thwarted West Germany's Nuclear Ambitions

When does a nuclear-armed state's provision of security guarantees to a militarily threatened ally inhibit the ally's nuclear weapons ambitions? Although the established security model of nuclear

Brazil's Cold War in the Southern Cone, 1970–1975

Brazil is traditionally regarded as having been distant from its Latin American neighbours. However, new documents show that it was actually very involved in the Cold War struggles that engulfed the

From one exceptionalism to another: France’s strategic relations with the United States and the United Kingdom in the post-Cold War era

ABSTRACT The failed expedition of Suez in 1956 and France’s subsequent strategic ‘divorce’ from the United Kingdom and the United States lies at the heart of a policy paradigm that has dictated

Roots of Animosity: Bonn's Reaction to US Pressures in Nuclear Proliferation

The animosity between Jimmy Carter and Helmut Schmidt is legendary. One crisis, however, which was arguably largely responsible for setting the tone of this relationship has been mostly forgotten:

The ‘Labors of Atlas, Sisyphus, or Hercules’? US Gas-Centrifuge Policy and Diplomacy, 1954–60*

This article explores the Eisenhower administration's efforts during 1960 to tackle the apparent nuclear-proliferation risk posed by innovations in gas-centrifuge technology. Washington developed a

Of gauchos and gringos: Why Argentina never wanted the bomb, and why the United States thought it did

I wish to thank the many dozens of scholars, archivists, and policymakers in Argentina, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States who shared their information and expertise on Argentina. I

The origins of the Brazilian nuclear programme, 1951–1955

In the early years of the atomic era, several developing countries attempted to establish a nuclear programme, yet Brazil's case is less well-known. As new documents show, from 1951 Brazil aimed to

Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation