“To Get Quit of Negroes”: George Washington and Slavery

  title={“To Get Quit of Negroes”: George Washington and Slavery},
  author={Philip D. Morgan},
  journal={Journal of American Studies},
  pages={403 - 429}
George Washington died much as he lived, stoic, dignified, controlled to the very end. True to form, his last moments, much like his life, saw him surrounded by slaves. At daybreak on the day he died – Saturday, 14 December 1799 – Caroline, a housemaid, bustled into his room to make a fire. Three other slaves fetched the physicians, who ministered to the dying General. Washington's body servant, twenty-four-year-old Christopher, otherwise known as Christopher Sheels, attended his master… 
7 Citations
From Liverpool to Mount Vernon : Edward Rushton in transatlantic perspective
Among historians of British anti-slavery Edward Rushton is probably best known for his West-Indian Eclogues, which established his reputation as a hard-line anti-slavery activist. Perhaps less well
"The Property of the Nation": Democracy and the Memory of George Washington, 1799-1865
THE PROPERTY OF THE NATION”: DEMOCRACY AND THE MEMORY OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, 1799-1865 Matthew R. Costello, B.A., M.A. Marquette University, 2016 This dissertation explores how Americans personally
The Empire Comes Home: Thomas Law’s Mixed-Race Family in the Early American Republic
Thomas Law was a high-ranking administrator with the British East India Company. In 1791, he left India, bringing with him his three illegitimate sons, born of his native concubine, or bibi. After a
George Washington’s Dentures: Disability, Deception, and the Republican Body
George Washington’s dentures are well-known but understudied. This article examines the first president’s extant dentures along with medical texts, satirical prints, portraits, novels and elocution
For 2005 the bibliography continues its customary coverage of secondary writings published since 1900 in western European languages on slavery or the slave trade anywhere in the world: monographs, ...


Race and Revolution
The Revolutionary Generation Embraces Abolitionism and the Failure of Abolitionists: A History of Black Americans in a White Republic is published.
612-15; and attempting to reduce his workforce and get more work from them
    privately printed, 1889), 8-9 seriously underestimates (and misunderstands some of) the numbers
    • 1767 GW reported '' losses enough in Negroes '' that required replacement
    There is much more to be said about GW as slave-owner President -for example
      Race and Revolution (Madison : Madison House, 1990), esp
        Washington Papers, later published as Expostulatory Letter to George Washington on his continuing to be a Proprietor of Slaves (Liverpool, 1797), as cited in Twohig
          Negroes are growing more & more insolent & difficult to govern
            PGW : Presidential, 9, 339; his opposition to the decision of the South Carolina legislature to reopen the slave trade, and his mention of the '' direful effects of Slavery
              Chapter 2. Cropper is particularly interesting because when he died in 1821 he owned 27 slaves whom he did not free
              • 2000
              The Museum of Our National Heritage, 1999), 26. Also see W. W. Abbot, '' An Uncommon Awareness of Self : The Papers of George Washington
              • The Lowell Lecture Series