“The contagiousness of childbed fever”: a short history of puerperal sepsis and its treatment

@article{Costa2002TheCO,
  title={“The contagiousness of childbed fever”: a short history of puerperal sepsis and its treatment},
  author={C. D. de Costa},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  year={2002},
  volume={177}
}
TODAY, A VERY LARGE proportion of women giving birth receive antibiotics, potent and sometimes in combination, during their accouchement. Routine prophylaxis is widely accepted for caesarean sections, which account for 20%– 25% of deliveries.1 Of course, any pregnant woman presenting with an obvious infection will automatically receive an antibiotic. Further, so will most pregnant women with membranes ruptured for any length of time, either before or after labour begins, and any woman in labour… Expand
Puerperal Pyrexia: A Review. Part I
  • D. Maharaj
  • Medicine
  • Obstetrical & gynecological survey
  • 2007
TLDR
The reader should be able to recall that world wide puerperal sepsis is a leading cause of maternal mortality, state that many of the predisposing factors are preventable, and explain that both nosocomial infections as well as exogenous infections are serious factors. Expand
Puerperal sepsis--still a major threat for parturient.
TLDR
Puerperal sepsis is an important public health problem contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality and Optimal antiseptic measures and careful monitoring are needed throughout the process of labour. Expand
Ignác Semmelweis, the Rescuer of Mothers
TLDR
The life, methods, and persistence of Semmelweis is presented, one of the most prominent medical figures of his time, who was a pioneer in antisepsis during the pre-bacteriologic era. Expand
Puerperal sepsis and maternal mortality: what role can new technologies play?
  • J. Hussein, J. Fortney
  • Medicine
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2004
TLDR
The literature indicates that infection‐control protocols and evidence‐based procedures—including prophylactic antibiotics for cesarean section or preterm rupture of membranes, and updated antibiotic regimens—should be widely adopted. Expand
SEPSIS, ARMAS DE FUEGO Y MICROSCOPIOS: IMPLICACIONES DE LA SEPSIS EN LAS REVOLUCIONES DE LA MEDICINA DE LOS SIGLOS XVI Y XIX
TLDR
This work will analyze the profound epistemological rupture that occurred due to sepsis in the field of microbiology during the nineteenth century, in addition to the gradual progress that since the sixteenth century have enabled the development of modern surgery. Expand
Postpregnancy genital tract and wound infections.
TLDR
Stricter measures to aid in primary prevention and recognition of obstetric infections in order to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment are identified. Expand
Analysis of a Streptococcus pyogenes Puerperal Sepsis Cluster by Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing
TLDR
Traditional typing protocols, such as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, may not be sensitive enough to allow fine epidemiological discrimination of closely related bacterial isolates, and whole-genome sequencing presents a valid alternative that allows accurate fine-scale epidemiological investigation of bacterial infectious disease. Expand
The History of Sepsis from Ancient Egypt to the XIX Century
Throughout history, mankind has succumbed to endless infectious diseases which have been responsible of great historical changes; classic examples like “The Black Death” during the late MedievalExpand
Lessons from Semmelweis: A Social Epidemiologic Update On Safe Motherhood
In this historical review, Ignaz Semmelweis's study of handwashing to prevent puerperal fever is described and used as a benchmark from which to identify salient issues that are informative toExpand
Emerging infectious disease outbreaks: Old lessons and new challenges for obstetrician-gynecologists
TLDR
All 3 outbreaks highlight the importance of obstetrician-gynecologists keeping current with new information as it emerges, and it is likely that novel disease threats will continue to emerge in the United States. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Semmelweis: the combat against puerperal fever.
TLDR
Groups A and B streptococci are of great significance in the history of obstetrics and Obstetricians today try to establish cost-effective prophylactic measures during labor to prevent these neonatal infections. Expand
On the Undiminished Mortality from Puerperal Fever in England and Wales
TLDR
The death-rate from puerperal fever in this country, notwithstanding the introduction of antiseptics, and the almost complete banishment of the disease from lying-in hospitals, had not only not diminished, but in some districts had actually advanced during the past few years. Expand
Deaths in childbed from the eighteenth century to 1935.
TLDR
In evaluating the undiminished maternal death rate before 1935, the author believes that maternal survival is remarkably resistant to the ill effects of socioeconomic deprivation, but is very sensitive to the good and bad effects of medical intervention. Expand
Ignác Semmelweis and the Etiology of Fetal and Neonatal Sepsis
  • T. Raju
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Perinatology
  • 1999
TLDR
Based on several key observations, Semmelweis realized that puerperal fever could be transmitted to the fetus, especially when the first stage of labor was prolonged and multiple examiners performed vaginal examinations while their fingers were contaminated. Expand
Maternal survival in developing countries: what has been done, what can be achieved in the next decade
  • F. Donnay
  • Medicine
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2000
TLDR
The effective strategies for reducing maternal death, their policy requirements and programmatic implications, and examples of successful developing country programmes are described. Expand
Practice of Obstetrics
  • W. Leventhal
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
  • 1994
TLDR
It is recommended that patients with CD4+ counts fewer than 50 cellS/~L be treated to prevent 9 from developing MAC bacteremia, and the recommendation is consistent with those of the pharmacy and therapeutics committee at San Francisco General Hospital. Expand
An Address on the Antiseptic System of Treatment in Surgery*
TLDR
A preparation illustrating the effects of the apti plication of a ligature upon an artery on the antiseptic system is shown, and before applying these principles upon the human subject, I thought it right to test them on one of the lower animals. Expand
Semmelweis: his Life and Work
TLDR
This book is an interesting account of the life of Semmelweis with particular emphasis on the Hungarian aspects of his life story and the discovery of the mode of transmission of puerperal fever is well presented and there is a detailed account of his last illness. Expand
Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases
This updated and expanded edition now offers 297 chapters that cover the basic principles of diagnosis and management, major clinical syndromes, all important pathogenic microbes and the diseasesExpand
...
1
2
3
...