“The United States of Africa”: Liberian Independence and the Contested Meaning of a Black Republic

  title={“The United States of Africa”: Liberian Independence and the Contested Meaning of a Black Republic},
  author={Brandon Mills},
  journal={Journal of the Early Republic},
  pages={107 - 79}
  • Brandon Mills
  • Published 2014
  • Sociology
  • Journal of the Early Republic
Historians have primarily examined the African colonization movement within the context of domestic anti-slavery politics; however, because colonizationists often promoted Liberia as a nascent “United States of Africa,” it can also be understood as one of the United States’ first attempts to engineer republicanism abroad. This article examines the symbolic realization of this republican ideal by investigating the often-overlooked moment in 1847 when Liberia declared itself the world’s second… Expand
7 Citations
Between empire and colony: American imperialism and Pan-African colonialism in Liberia, 1810–2003
Both Liberia and the USA make their independence from the imperial/colonial systems of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries an integral part of their national identities. Despite an upsurge in theExpand
Beacons of Liberty: Free-Soil Havens and the American Anti-Slavery Movement, 1813-1863
Beginning in the late eighteenth century, diverse anti-slavery efforts transformed the geography of slavery and freedom in the Atlantic world. Haiti, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Upper Canada, Mexico, theExpand
The United States Navy, Slave-Trade Suppression, and State Development
Abstract The mission of the United States Navy expanded significantly because of the presence of the institution of racial slavery on American soil. Most important, both proslavery and antislaveryExpand
Polish colonial aspirations in Africa: The Maritime and Colonial League in Angola and Liberia, c.1920-1939
The Polish colonial movement in the inter-war period was a complex social and political phenomenon. The assessment of the movement presented in this thesis sheds light on its place in the history ofExpand
The Revival of “Colonization,” to 1861
  • S. Page
  • Geography
  • Black Resettlement and the American Civil War
  • 2021


The Problem of Emancipation: The Caribbean Roots of the American Civil War
A most persuasive work that repositions the American debates over emancipation where they clearly belong, in a broader Anglo-Atlantic context."" -- Reviews in History While many historians look toExpand
The Price of Liberty: African Americans and the Making of Liberia
In nineteenth-century America, the belief that blacks and whites could not live in social harmony and political equality in the same country led to a movement to relocate African Americans toExpand
The love of liberty brought us here (an analysis of the development of the settler state in 19th century Liberia)
Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest among radical scholars in the peripheral state as a specific object of study within the broad realm of political economy. Important debates haveExpand
British West Africa or ‘The United States of Africa’? Imperial pressures on the transatlantic anti-slavery movement, 1839–1842
This paper investigates the tensions between the American Colonization Society and Thomas Fowell Buxton’s African Civilisation Society. Despite their common purpose and the ostensibly humanitarianExpand
Encountering Revolution: Haiti and the Making of the Early Republic
Encountering Revolution looks afresh at the profound impact of the Haitian Revolution on the early United States. The first book on the subject in more than two decades, it redefines ourExpand
The Revolution of 1861: The American Civil War in the Age of Nationalist Conflict
It was no coincidence that the Civil War occurred during an age of violent political upheaval in Europe and the Americas. Grounding the causes and philosophies of the Civil War in an internationalExpand
The Speculative Freedom of Colonial Liberia
This essay examines letters written by U.S. black settler-colonists in Liberia to their families, friends, and former masters in the United States during Liberia's colonial and early nationalExpand
US Slavery's Diaspora: Black Atlantic History at the Crossroads of ‘Race’, Enslavement, and Colonisation
During the nineteenth century, migration was a central feature of black life in the USA. The combined forces of ‘local’ slave trading, slaveholder relocation, and colonisation removed AfricanExpand
Distant Revolutions: 1848 and the Challenge to American Exceptionalism
"Distant Revolutions: 1848 and the Challenge to American Exceptionalism" is a study of American politics, culture, and foreign relations in the mid-nineteenth century, illuminated through theExpand
Becoming African in America : race and nation in the early Black Atlantic
INTRODUCTION 1. Africa and Africans in the Poetry of Phillis Wheatley and the Letters of Ignatius Sancho 2. Toward a Transformed Africa: The Second Generation of "African" Writers 3. African IdentityExpand