“The Greatest Tool of the Devil”: Mamie, Malcolm X, and the PolitiX of the Black Madonna in Black Churches and the Nation of Islam in the United States

@article{Turman2015TheGT,
  title={“The Greatest Tool of the Devil”: Mamie, Malcolm X, and the PolitiX of the Black Madonna in Black Churches and the Nation of Islam in the United States},
  author={Eboni Marshall Turman},
  journal={Journal of Africana Religions},
  year={2015},
  volume={3},
  pages={130 - 150}
}
This article endeavors to attend to the yoke of Afro-patriarchy, gender conflict, and faith in Black churches and in the pre-1975 Nation of Islam, challenging some recent arguments that disingenuously distinguish between patriarchy in Black churches and patriarchy in the Nation of Islam. The article examines the correlation between the gender politics of Malcolm X’s early life and ministry and gender discrimination in Black churches, thereby suggesting continuity between Malik Shabazz’s legacy… Expand
1 Citations

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975
Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam came to America's attention in the 1960s and 1970s as a radical separatist African American social and political group. But the movement was also a religious one.Expand
Witnessing and Testifying: Black Women, Religion and Civil Rights
After a chapter exploring black women's religious context and presenting early examples of this work by women of the ante-bellum and post-Reconstruction eras, Ross looks at seven civil rightsExpand
Sisters in the Wilderness: The Challenge of Womanist God-Talk
This landmark work first published 20 years ago helped establish the field of African-American womanist theology and is widely regarded as a classic text. Drawing on the biblical figure of HagarExpand
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
In this provocative and original exploration of racial subjugation during slavery and its aftermath, Saidiya Hartman illumines the forms of terror and resistance that shaped black identity. Scenes ofExpand
As-salaam alaikum, my sister, peace be unto you: The honorable elijah muhammad and the women who followed him
Abstract The Honorable Elijah Muhammad's ministry drew a steady stream of converts into his Nation, an organization designed to return the “so-called Negro” back to his glorious ancient past.Expand
Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman
Originally published in 1978, this book caused a storm of controversy as Micheke Wallace blasted the masculinist bias of the black politics that emerged from the sixties. She described how womenExpand
Womanist ethics and the cultural production of evil
The second part of the definition looks at the communal dimensions of womanist thought – which is several things. First, within African American communities there are a variety of sexual orientationsExpand
Deeper Shades of Purple: Womanism in Religion and Society
Acknowledgments Wisdom Rocked Steady [poem] Nancy Lynne WesteldIntroduction: Writing for Our LivesPart I Radical SubjectivityWhen Mama Was God [poem] 1 Structured Academic Amnesia2 From "Force-Ripe"Expand
Blacked Out: Dilemmas of Race, Identity, and Success at Capital High
Blacked Out: Dilemmas of Race, Identity, and Success at Capital High, by Signithia Fordham. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996. 411 pp. $22.95, paper. Reviewed by Jean Harris, OlympicExpand
Understanding Religious Conversion.
Religious conversion provides converts with an opportunity to embrace a community of faith and a philosophy that nurture and guide, that offer a focus for loyalty and a framework for action. WhetherExpand
...
1
2
3
...