“Terminal burrowing behaviour” —a phenomenon of lethal hypothermia

  title={“Terminal burrowing behaviour” —a phenomenon of lethal hypothermia},
  author={Markus Alexander Rothschild and V. Schneider},
  journal={International Journal of Legal Medicine},
Between 1978 and 1994, 69 cases of death due to lethal hypothermia were examined in our Institute. In addition to the common findings associated with hypothermia we especially wanted to examine the so-called paradox reaction which refers to the undressing of persons in a state of severe (lethal) hypothermia. This is obviously the result of a peripheral vasodilatation effecting a feeling of warmth. In our material this paradoxical undressing occurred in 25% of the cases and nearly all exhibited… 
Terminal burrowing behaviour — a phenomenon of lethal hypothermia
The so-called paradox reaction which refers to the undressing of persons in a state of severe (lethal) hypothermia, which occurred in 25% of the cases and nearly all exhibited an additional phenomenon which has not yet been described in the literature.
Paradoxical undressing associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage in a non-hypothermia case?
A case of suspected paradoxical undressing in a non-hypothermia case, where a 51-year-old Caucasian man was found dead wearing only sneakers and socks and the presence of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm that caused a subarachnoid hemorrhage was revealed, which rendered conceivable the hypothesis of an inappropriate feeling of warmth.
An unusual case of hypothermia and paradoxical undressing
This case highlights that not all women found in a state of partial undress have been sexually assaulted, that initial information should be corroborated from its source, and the value of a multi-disciplinary approach when analyzing information to determine a possible sequence of events.
Estimates of exposure to cold before death from immunohistochemical expression patterns of HSP70 in glomerular podocytes
A unique method of estimating antemortem environmental temperature, involving the immunohistochemical analysis of HSP70 expression patterns in glomerular podocytes is described, which found that H SP70 was present in glomersular podocyte at autopsy and that HSP 70 was highly expressed, mainly in the nucleus of podocytes, in deaths associated with exposure to cold.
Wilderness medicine.
The field of wilderness medicine is developing rapidly and draws from the breadth of medical and surgical subspecialties as well as the technical fields of mountaineering, climbing, and diving, which includes injury prevention and risk mitigation.
The risk factors, frequency and diagnosis of atypical antipsychotic drug-induced hypothermia: practical advice for doctors
Owing to the increased risk of hypothermia development during APD treatment, doctors should routinely measure body temperature of patients, especially during the first days of the therapy.
Exploration d’un décès par hypothermie généralisée
Resume Une hypothermie generalisee est une pathologie mettant en jeu le pronostic vital se definissant par une temperature corporelle inferieure a 35 °C. Son diagnostic post-mortem est delicat en
„Skelettfund“ im Keller
Bei der Identifizierung einer unbekannten, stark verwesten Leiche oder eines Skelettes ohne Hinweise auf die Identität durch die Auffindesituation spielt die Erstellung des sog. biologischen Profils


"Paradoxical undressing" in fatal hypothermia.
It is concluded that paradoxical undressing might be explained by changes in peripheral vasoconstriction in the deeply hypothermic person.
Drugs and alcohol in hypothermia and hyperthermia related deaths: a retrospective study.
The fact that similar alcohol concentrations were found in both types of fatalities points to the poikilothermic effect of alcohol in humans, as found in animal studies.
Survival of hypothermia by men immersed in the ocean.
  • G. W. Molnar
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 1946
Refrigeration of patients showed that man's body temperature may be reduced by several degrees without endangering life, but the environments employed during induction were too short duration to establish tolerance limits.
Myocardium of hypothermic rats with and without administration of dextran. Electrocardiographic and electron microscopic studies.
Electrocardiographic and electron microscopic alterations in the myocardium were investigated in rats subjected to hypothermia with and without injection of dextran, finding that neither advanced atrioventricular block nor remarkable subcellular structural changes developed.
Necropsy findings in fatal hypothermia cases.
The best diagnostic signs seem to be purple skin and oedema in face and ears, stomach erosions, degenerative foci in myocardium and high concentration of catecholamines in the urine.
The characteristic electrocardiogram of accidental hypothermia.
The case history and ECG of an elderly patient who became hypothermic as a result of a cerebrovascular accident and neglect is presented to emphasize the diagnostic value of the ECG in this condition.
The Impact of Daily Torpor on Energy Requirements in the Djungarian Hamster, Phodopus sungorus
Calculations show that daily torpor in Djungarian hamsters may serve to allow the continuation of foraging at low Ta's during winter in the Siberian steppe and save substantial amounts of energy by lowering average metabolic rates during the normothermic phase of the day.
Influence of Ambient Temperature, Nest Availability, Huddling, and Daily Torpor on Energy Expenditure in the White-Footed Mouse Peromyscus Leucopus
The addition of a nest fostered a 74% daily energy savings versus nontorpid, individual mice without a nest anddaily torpor and huddling together provided a 58% energetic saving at 13 C relative to individually housed, nontorpids mice.
Ungewöhnliche Befunde in einem Fall von Unterkühlung
SummarySuicide was initiated by several incisions in the skin; the resulting hypovolemia resulted in fatal hypothermia. The unusual autopsy findings in this case due to hypothermia were focal
Body temperature and metabolic rate during natural hypothermia in endotherms
This study shows that the degree of metabolic suppression during hypothermia can alternatively be explained by active downregulation of metabolic rate and thermoregulatory control of heat production.