“Taming” Rocks and Changing Landscapes

  title={“Taming” Rocks and Changing Landscapes},
  author={Leore Grosman and Naama Goren-Inbar},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={732 - 740}
Cupmarks—artificial hemispherical depressions, often appearing in groups on bedrock surfaces—are found worldwide, often near Paleolithic sites and Holocene settlements. The term “bedrock mortars” expresses the interpretation that they were used for pounding/grinding collected plant foods. A re‐examination of the cupmarks near the site of Hatula, on the margin of the Judean Shephelah west of Jerusalem, rules out the traditional functional interpretation in this instance. Instead, the evidence… 
Kaizer Hill (Modi‘in), a pre-pottery neolithic a quarry site – the terraced slopes
The research of the Kaizer Hill site (the Hilltop and its Terraces), recognized as a Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) quarry site, involved studies of the rock damage associated with the quarrying
Landscape Alteration by Pre-Pottery Neolithic Communities in the Southern Levant – The Kaizer Hilltop Quarry, Israel
It is evident that the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A inhabitants of the area changed their landscape forever, “stripping” the caliche surface and penetrating it in search of flint bedded in the bedrock.
Limestone Wedges: ad hoc Quarrying Tools of the Kaizer Hill Quarry Site
ABSTRACT Kaizer Hill is a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A flint and limestone quarry site situated in central Israel. During systematic collection and excavation at the site, a large quantity of limestone
The palaeoenvironment and the environmental impact of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic Motza megasite and its surrounding Mediterranean landscape in the central Judean Highlands (Israel)
One of the largest prehistoric settlements in Israel and Jordan was uncovered by the Motza salvage excavation in the largest and deepest drainage basin of the Judean highlands in central Israel. On a
Extensive Paleolithic Flint Extraction and Reduction Complexes in the Nahal Dishon Central Basin, Upper Galilee, Israel
Recently found open-air flint extraction and workshop sites in the Eastern Galilee, Israel, are the focus of this paper. Lithic assemblages from among a few of the thousands of tailing piles
The Earliest Matches
It is suggested that these objects found at the Yarmukian Pottery Neolithic sites of Sha‘ar HaGolan and Munhata were components of fire drills and consider them the earliest evidence of a complex technology of fire ignition, which incorporates the cylindrical objects in the role of matches.
Things and the Slow Neolithic: the Middle Eastern Transformation
This paper argues that the search for an overarching explanation for the adoption of farming and settled life in the Middle East can be enhanced by a consideration of the dependencies between humans
Breaking the Mold of Natufian Basalt Mortars: Experimental Production and Archeological Implications
This paper presents an experimental study on the production of basalt mortars, common at Levantine Natufian sites (15,000–11,500 cal. BP). An increase in the gathering and processing of plant foods


Saflulim: A Late Natufian Base Camp in the Central Negev Highlands, Israel
AbstractThe limited excavations at Saflulim demonstrate that, together with Rosh Horesha, it functioned as some form of Negev Late Natufian residential basecamp or, more plausibly, aggregation site,
Special Studies: Petrographic Thin Sections and the Development of Neolithic Plaster Production in Northern Israel
AbstractPetrographic and petrological techniques have been used to examine Neolithic plaster products from several sites in northern Israel. Referring to former studies, the value of different
News and Short Contributions
Petrographic and petrological techniques have been used to examine Neolithic plaster products from several sites in northern Israel. Referring to former studies, the value of different analytical
The uses of plaster at Neolithic'Ain Ghazal. Jordan
The appearance of plaster technology marked a major advance in human cultural development, since for the first time people created a material that didi not exist in the environment. Although plaster
Aboriginal Stone-Drilling
  • C. Rau
  • Environmental Science
    The American Naturalist
  • 1881
The structure of the Eye of Trilobites, a crustacean destructive to the timber of submarine structures on the coast of the United States.
The Social Origins of Cooking and Dining in Early Villages of Western Asia
  • Ki Wright
  • Geography
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • 2000
This paper explores social customs of cooking and dining as farming emerged in the earliest villages of Palestine and Jordan (12,650–6850 cal BC). The approach is a spatial analysis of in situ
Charting the Emergence of Cereal and Pulse Domestication in South-west Asia
Abstract During the last decade, considerable advances have been made in our knowledge of the origins of cereal and pulse domestication in south-west Asia. Archaeobotanical assemblages have become
The Sultanian Flint Assemblage from Gesher and its Implications for Recognizing Early Neolithic Entities in the Levant
Cet article presente l'analyse typologique et technologique de l'assemblage lithique sultanien de Gesher, site "PPNA" recemment decouvert dans la vallee du Jourdain. La brievete de son occupation lui
Stone Cup-Holes and Querns from Gilgal I, a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A site in Israel
  • T. Noy
  • Environmental Science
  • 1979
The stone cup-holes and querns found at the PPNA site of Gilgal in the Lower Jordan Valley are described.
Experimental Archaeology
Experimental archaeology is a multifaceted approach employed by a wide and rapidly expanding range of exponents including everybody from lab-based archaeological research scientists through to museum