“Sultan among Hindu Kings”: Dress, Titles, and the Islamicization of Hindu Culture at Vijayanagara

  title={“Sultan among Hindu Kings”: Dress, Titles, and the Islamicization of Hindu Culture at Vijayanagara},
  author={Phillip B. Wagoner},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={851 - 880}
When Robert Sewell inaugurated the modern study of the South Indian state of Vijayanagara with his classic A Forgotten Empire (1900), he characterized the state as “a Hindu bulwark against Muhammadan conquests” (Sewell [1900] 1962, 1), thereby formulating one of the enduring axioms of Vijayanagara historiography. From their capital on the banks of the Tungabhadra river, the kings of Vijayanagara ruled over a territory of more than 140,000 square miles, and their state survived three changes of… 

The laine controversy and the study of hinduism

In 2003 Oxford University Press released a book by James W. Laine, Shivaji: Hindu King in Islamic India, just as the monsoon's storms were arriving in the subcontinent.1 The book offered a

The Last Cakravartin? The Gujarat Sultan as ‘Universal King’ in Fifteenth Century Sanskrit Poetry

The fifteenth century was a period of significant transitions in South Asian history. This was a period when Delhi ceased to be at the centre of political action as newer regional kingdoms emerged

Setting the record wrong: a Sanskrit vision of Mughal conquests

In 1589, Padmasāgara wrote the first Sanskrit account of the Mughal rise to power within a short poem titled Jagadgurukāvya (Poem on the Teacher of the World). The work primarily eulogizes the life

In the Aura of the King: Trans-Asian, Trans-Regional, and Deccani Royal Symbolism

Shortly after the Battle of Taikota (1565) between Vijayanagara and the combined forces of the Deccan Sultanates an Ahmadnagar courtier wrote an illuminated mas̱navī (long poem) celebrating the

The early Islamic empire and the introduction of military slavery

The inhabitants of seventh-century Arabia mobilized for warfare in a manner new to that region of the Near East: the effort fell, albeit gradually, under central authority. Arabia had long been a

The four sampradāys: ordering the religious past in Mughal North India

Monika Horstmann has written eloquently about appeals to the notion of the ‘four sampradāys’ as a way to discipline religion at the court of the Kachvāhā king Jaisingh II in the early decades of the

The Kingdom of Arakan in the Indian Ocean Commerce (AD 1430 – 1666)

The present day Rakhine State in the Union of Myanmar was formerly known as the “kingdom of Arakan” to the traders of Indian Ocean commerce since the arrival of Europeans in Southeast Asia. However,

The Lord of the Elephant: Interpreting the Islamicate Epigraphic, Numismatic, and Literary Material from the Mrauk U Period of Arakan (ca. 1430−1784)

With this article, I propose to revisit a corpus of multilingual inscriptions on coins, as well as one Persian stone inscription, whose dates range from the fifteenth to the first half of the

Translating Wisdom: Hindu-Muslim Intellectual Interactions in Early Modern South Asia

objects. Sabir, Iqbal. “Khwaja Baqi Billah (The Founder of the Naqshbandi Silsilah in India.” In Islamic Heritage in South Asian Subcontinent, edited by Nazir Ahmad and I.H. Siddiqui, 137–56. Jaipur:

At the Margins of Architectural and Landscape History: The Rajputs of South Asia

The Rajput princes of South Asia in the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries built beautiful palaces with gardens and commissioned manuscript paintings that rivaled those of their Mughal contemporaries.



The Rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier 1204–1760 . By Richard M. Eaton. (Comparative Studies on Muslim Societies, 17.) pp. xxvii, 359, 24 figs, 6 maps. Berkeley etc., University of California Press, 1993. $50.00.

  • A. Powell
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • 1996
'1-Fadl, Bada'unl's Muntakhab al-tawarikh, Monserrate's account of the Jesuit mission to the court of Fathpur Sikri and the collected letters of the Jesuits involved, Nizam al-DIn Ahmad's Tabaqdt-i

Inscribing the Other, Inscribing the Self: Hindu-Muslim Identities in Pre-Colonial India

The nature of medieval Hindu-Muslim relations is an issue of great relevance in contemporary India. Prior to the 200 years of colonial subjection to the British that ended in 1947, large portions of

The Vijayanagara Courtly Style: Incorporation and Synthesis in the Royal Architecture of Southern India, 15th-17th Centuries.

the extensive critical essay on the history of the short story provide the kind of accessible introduction to the post-colonial fiction of the Indian subcontinent that is seldom available to English

Peasant State and Society in Medieval South India

MBh 2.33.9ab, na tasydm (antarvedydm) samnidhau s'udrah kascid dsan na cdvratah, "In the vicinity of the inner altar, there was no iudra nor anyone who had not taken a vow" instead of "that no

The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204-1760

In all of the South Asian subcontinent, Bengal was the region most receptive to the Islamic faith. This area today is home to the world's second-largest Muslim ethnic population. How and why did such

Administration and Social Life Under Vijayanagar. By T. V. Mahalingam. 10 × 7, pp. xvi + 476. Madras University Historical Series, No. 15. University of Madras, 1940.

  • E. Thomas
  • Political Science
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
  • 1942
and the present day Australian tribes. In addition to the anthropometrical data, we are given some novel statistics of blood groups (p. 44) which, according to Dr. C. 0. Karuna Karan, establish a

The Cambridge Economic History of India

List of maps List of tables Preface Part I. The Land and the People: 1. The mid-eighteenth-century background Tapan Raychaudhuri 2. Agrarian relations Eric Stokes, B. Chaudhuri, H. Fukazawa and

Presidential Address: Too Little and Too Much: Reflections on Muslims in the History of India

I want to begin this evening by recalling my immediate predecessor as AAS president from the South Asian field, Barbara Stoler Miller, whose untimely death in 1992 took from us a distinguished

Asia before Europe : economy and civilisation of the Indian Ocean from the rise of Islam to 1750

This book explores the dynamic interaction between economic life, society and civilisation in the regions around and beyond the Indian Ocean during the period from the rise of Islam to 1750. Within a

The political language of Islam

What does "jihad" really mean? What is the Muslim conception of law? What is Islam's stance toward unbelievers? Probing literary and historical sources, Bernard Lewis traces the development of