“Science in a Democracy”: The Contested Status of Vaccination in the Progressive Era and the 1920s

@article{Colgrove2005ScienceIA,
  title={“Science in a Democracy”: The Contested Status of Vaccination in the Progressive Era and the 1920s},
  author={James Colgrove},
  journal={Isis},
  year={2005},
  volume={96},
  pages={167 - 191}
}
In the first decades of the twentieth century, a heterogeneous assortment of groups and individuals articulated scientific, political, and philosophical objections to vaccination. They engaged in an ongoing battle for public opinion with medical and scientific elites, who responded with their own counterpropaganda. These ideological struggles reflected fear that scientific advances were being put to coercive uses and that institutions of the state and civil society were increasingly expanding… 
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References

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TLDR
Antivaccination Web sites express a range of concerns related to vaccine safety and varying levels of distrust in medicine, and rely heavily on emotional appeal to convey their message.
Box 369; the Railroad Administration's concern appears in Walker Hines to Blue
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