“Retribution Must Succeed Rebellion”: The Colonial Origins of Counterinsurgency Failure

  title={“Retribution Must Succeed Rebellion”: The Colonial Origins of Counterinsurgency Failure},
  author={Paul K. MacDonald},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={253 - 286}
Abstract What can explain the decline in incumbent victory in counterinsurgency wars? Political scientists offer a variety of explanations for these trends. Some focus on the structure and doctrine of counterinsurgent forces, while others emphasize the lethality and motivation of insurgent adversaries. I challenge these explanations. Declines in incumbent victory in counterinsurgency wars are not driven by fundamental shifts in the character of these conflicts, but in the political context in… 
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