“Respectful Image”: Revenge of the Barber Surgeon

@article{Bagwell2005RespectfulIR,
  title={“Respectful Image”: Revenge of the Barber Surgeon},
  author={C. Bagwell},
  journal={Annals of Surgery},
  year={2005},
  volume={241},
  pages={872-878}
}
Although some separation of surgery from the practice of medicine had begun to develop in early medieval times, this was accentuated in 1215 by the Fourth Lateran Council, a papal edict which forbade physicians (most of whom where clergy) from performing surgical procedures, as contact with blood or body fluids was viewed as contaminating to men of the church. As a result, the practice of surgery was relegated to craft status with training by apprenticeship through guilds. Physicians followed a… Expand
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