“Pinheads”: The exhibition of neurologic disorders at “The Greatest Show on Earth”

@article{Mateen2010PinheadsTE,
  title={“Pinheads”: The exhibition of neurologic disorders at “The Greatest Show on Earth”},
  author={Farrah J. Mateen and Christopher J. Boes},
  journal={Neurology},
  year={2010},
  volume={75},
  pages={2028 - 2032}
}
The circus sideshow was a smorgasbord of human performers, shrewdly designed to entertain the middle-class public and exploit the attitudes of the time. Under the vernacular of “pinheads,” people with microcephaly and mental retardation were displayed as “freaks.” This article presents original materials from the Ringling Brothers Circus Museum Archives and Harvard Theater Collection, including sideshow banners, circus programs, song lyrics, and performance photographs, in addition to… 
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