“Normal Exposure” and Inoculation Syphilis: A PHS “Tuskegee” Doctor in Guatemala, 1946–1948

@article{Reverby2011NormalEA,
  title={“Normal Exposure” and Inoculation Syphilis: A PHS “Tuskegee” Doctor in Guatemala, 1946–1948},
  author={Susan M Reverby},
  journal={Journal of Policy History},
  year={2011},
  volume={23},
  pages={6 - 28}
}
  • S. Reverby
  • Published 1 January 2011
  • History
  • Journal of Policy History

Cuerpos en experimentación. Sífilis y fármacopoder en la Ciudad de Guatemala (1946- 1948)

Resumen: Los experimentos practicados con cuerpos humanos, para la generación de un fármaco profiláctico post exposición a la sífilis, en la Ciudad de Guatemala entre 1946 y 1948 han sido condenados

Reservations on the Use of New HIV Prevention Technologies in HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa

TLDR
It is argued that the use of vaccines, microbicides, antiretroviral therapy for discordant couples, pre-exposure prophylaxis and medical male circumcision in HIV prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa needs a paradigm shift because the results reported so far in clinical trials show more challenges than solutions to the prevention of the HIV pandemic.

In Remembrance There Is Prevention: A Brief Review of Four Historical Failures to Protect Human Subjects.

This year the world commemorates the beginning of the tragic USPHS syphilis experiments that occurred in Tuskegee, Alabama from 1932 to 1972. In light of this sobering anniversary, this article will

Autonomy and Social Responsibility: The Post-Pandemic Challenge

TLDR
Historical context from postwar Europe is used to argue that, in light of the pandemic experience, respect for autonomy must systematically incorporate a commitment to social responsibility.

Prioritizing syphilis control: Now is the time for action

TLDR
COVID-19 has underlined health inequities that fuel syphilis transmission, providing an opportunity to reckon with the historical legacy of racism that is linked to syphilis research, and the importance of public engagement, making the case for greater public involvement in syphilis control and prevention programs.

Making Medical Subjects: Regeneration, Experimentation, and Women in the Guatemalan Spring

  • Lydia Crafts
  • Political Science, Medicine
    Hispanic American Historical Review
  • 2022
TLDR
It is argued that Guatemala's activist state was a critical enabling factor granting US researchers access to Guatemalans' genitals and blood for experimentation, and weaponized a bureaucratic registration system to study STIs at what they deemed their main vector—sex workers.

Disability Social Work : Connecting Critical Cultural Competence , Intersectionality , and Anti-oppressive Practice

  • 2021

Generational chronotopes and accounting for unethical medicine: Bill Clinton’s apologies for radiation research and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

ABSTRACT Rhetoricians have theorized about temporality since the Sophists. In this essay, I argue that issues of rhetorical temporality can be understood by turning to the chronotope. I examine Bill

Distancing the socially distanced: Racial/ethnic composition’s association with physical distancing in response to COVID-19 in the U.S.

TLDR
COVID-19 policy should not assume disadvantage in achieving social distancing accrue equally to different racial/ethnic minorities, and there are places where the percent Black is locally related to recreation distancing while percent Hispanic is not.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES

The Battle For Guatemala : Rebels, Death Squads, And U.s. Power

  • S. Jonas
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1992
Part 1 Revolution and counter-revolution, 1944-1970: legacies of the past - 1524-1944 the revolution of 1944-1954 "the revolution which gave way" counter-revolution and imperialism rebels and death

Bitter fruit : the story of the American coup in Guatemala

Bitter Fruit is a comprehensive and insightful account of the CIA operation to overthrow the democratically elected government of Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala in 1954. First published in 1982, this

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries: Respecting, protecting, and fulfilling human rights

It is not uncommon to hear people refer to all sorts of bad situations as violations of human rights. The term “human rights” is often used quite loosely, divorced from its narrow yet correct meaning

Missionaries of science : the Rockefeller Foundation and Latin America

  • E. Berman
  • Political Science
    History of Education Quarterly
  • 1995
Preface Introduction 1. Visions of Science and Development: The Rockefeller FoundationOs Latin American Surveys of the 1920s Marcos Cueto 2. Nationalism and Public Health: The Convergence of

Whispers on the Color Line: Rumor and Race in America

Whispers on the Color Line: Rumor and Race in America. By Gary Alan Fine and Patricia A. Turner. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. Pp. x + 260, illustration, notes, index. $27.50

Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research

TLDR
This chapter discusses Kantian Ethics, Exploitation, and Multinational Clinical Trials, and the Enterprise of Medical Research as well as specific cases of exploitation in the Havrix and Surfaxin trials.

Tuskegee’s Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

TLDR
Tuskegee's Truths is an excellent edited collection that explores the notorious forty-year United States Public Health Service study of untreated syphilis in poor, African-American men and investigates themes such as racism and the parameters of scientific research.

Lesions of Syphilis in American Indians 1

Summary 1.  Much evidence derived from pre-Columbian bones indicates that syphilis existed among certain tribes of Indians living in various widely separated parts of the Americas and that its