“Most people are simply not designed to eat pasta”: 1 evolutionary explanations for obesity in the low-carbohydrate diet movement

@article{Knight2011MostPA,
  title={“Most people are simply not designed to eat pasta”: 1 evolutionary explanations for obesity in the low-carbohydrate diet movement},
  author={Christine Knight},
  journal={Public Understanding of Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={706 - 719}
}
  • Christine Knight
  • Published 10 February 2011
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Public Understanding of Science
Low-carbohydrate diets, notably the Atkins Diet, were particularly popular in Britain and North America in the late 1990s and early 2000s. On the basis of a discourse analysis of bestselling low-carbohydrate diet books, I examine and critique genetic and evolutionary explanations for obesity and diabetes as they feature in the low-carbohydrate literature. Low-carbohydrate diet books present two distinct neo-Darwinian explanations of health and body-weight. First, evolutionary nutrition is based… 
Indigenous nutrition research and the low-carbohydrate diet movement: Explaining obesity and diabetes in Protein Power
Low-carbohydrate diets were particularly popular in English-speaking Western countries in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Based on a critical analysis of the bestselling low-carbohydrate diet book
“We Can’t Go Back a Hundred Million Years”
TLDR
Although some interviewees accepted nutritional primitivism unproblematically, most approached such ideas critically and skeptically—cause for cautious celebration given the problems of logic, evidence and (on occasion) racism in the primitivist discourse of the low-carbohydrate literature.
‘If You're Not Allowed to Have Rice, What do you have with your Curry?’: Nostalgia and Tradition in Low-Carbohydrate Diet Discourse and Practice
Low-carbohydrate diets, notably the Atkins Diet, were particularly popular in Britain and North America in the late 1990s and early 2000s. This paper approaches the low-carbohydrate trend as one
“An alliance with Mother Nature” : Natural food, health, and morality in low-carbohydrate diet books
This article examines the significance of the natural/unnatural food dichotomy in recent low-carbohydrate diet discourse, drawing on two bestselling low-carbohydrate manuals—Dr. Atkins’ New Diet
Beyond the Paleolithic prescription: incorporating diversity and flexibility in the study of human diet evolution.
TLDR
This review looks at current research indicating that human eating habits are learned primarily through behavioral, social, and physiological mechanisms that start in utero and extend throughout the life course and concludes that incorporating a broader understanding of both the evolved mechanisms by which humans learn and imprint eating habits and the reciprocal effects of those habits on physiology would provide useful tools for structuring more lasting nutrition interventions.
Plant-Based Diets and Scientific Value Judgments
TLDR
A large amount of nutritional science about plant-based diets, defined here as strict vegetarian or vegan diets, has accumulated in the past few decades, much of which indicates that plant- based diets are not only capable of meeting human nutritional needs but can actually provide health benefits as compared to omnivorous diets.
The social construction of competence: Conceptions of science and expertise among proponents of the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet in Finland
  • M. Jauho
  • Medicine, Sociology
    Public understanding of science
  • 2016
TLDR
It is argued that the low-carbohydrate high-fat proponents are engaged in what it calls the social construction of competence when they present their position as grounded in science and stylize themselves as lay experts.
Giving up sugar and the inequalities of abstinence.
  • K. Throsby
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Sociology of health & illness
  • 2018
TLDR
This article explores three modes of popular sugar abstention (evangelical, experimental and charitable) and argues that these abstention narratives are not only premised on the exercise of social privilege, but that they also necessarily reproduce and sediment those social hierarchies.
Cutting through the Paleo hype: The evidence for the Palaeolithic diet.
TLDR
GPs should caution patients who are on the Palaeolithic diet about adequate calcium intake, especially those at higher risk of osteoporosis, but a number of underpowered trials have suggested there may be some benefit.
Paleolithic Diet—Effect on the Health Status and Performance of Athletes?
TLDR
Positive effects of the PD on health and the lack of experiments among professional athletes require longer-term interventions to determine the effect of the Paleo diet on athletic performance.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Low-carbohydrate diets.
TLDR
Data indicate that low-carbohydrate diets are a safe, reasonable alternative to low-fat diets for weight loss and additional studies are needed to investigate the long-term safety and effectiveness of these and other approaches to weight loss.
Humans, lipids and evolution
TLDR
The genetically ordered physiology of contemporary humans was selected over eons of evolutionary experience for a nutritional pattern affording much less fat, particularly less saturated fat, which represents the closest living approximation of “natural” human lipid metabolism.
Low carbohydrate diets in family practice: what can we learn from an internet-based support group
TLDR
An important conclusion for the family physician is that it becomes possible to identify a diet that is used by many people where the primary principle is replacement of starch and sugar-containing foods with non-starchy vegetables, with little addition of fat or protein.
Restricted-carbohydrate diets in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Meta-regression analyses show that hemoglobin A1c, fasting glucose, and some lipid fractions (triglycerides) improved with lower carbohydrate-content diets, and overall effect on weight was equivocal among the studies evaluated in this meta-analysis.
Low-carbohydrate-diet score and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.
TLDR
It is suggested that diets lower in carbohydrate and higher in protein and fat are not associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease in women and when vegetable sources of fat and protein are chosen, these diets may moderately reduce the risk of heart disease.
Improved lactose digestion and intolerance among African-American adolescent girls fed a dairy-rich diet.
TLDR
The results indicate that lactose maldigestion should not be a restricting factor in developing adequate calcium diets for this population and suggests colonic adaptation to the high-lactose diet.
Low-Carbohydrate Diets and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality
TLDR
A low-carbohydrate diet based on animal sources was associated with higher all-cause mortality in both men and women, whereas a vegetable-based low- carbohydrate diet wasassociated with lower all- Cause and cardiovascular disease mortality rates.
The Zone: A Dietary Road Map
TLDR
This scientific and revolutionary book, based on Nobel Prize-winning research, medical visionary and former Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher Dr. Barry Sears makes peak physical and mental performance, as well as permanent fat loss, simple for you to understand and achieve.
Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
Low-carbohydrate, non-energy-restricted diets appear to be at least as effective as low-fat, energy- restricted diets in inducing weight loss for up to 1 year, however, potential favorable changes in triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol values should be weighed against potential unfavorable changes in low-density lipid cholesterol values when low- carbohydrate diets to induce weight loss are considered.
Modification of lipoproteins by very low-carbohydrate diets.
TLDR
Considering the effectiveness of VLCDs in promoting fat loss and improving the metabolic syndrome, discounting or condemning their use is unjustified, and a more unbiased, balanced appraisal of V LCDs is encouraged.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...