“Making Trials” in Sixteenth- and Early Seventeenth-Century European Academic Medicine

  title={“Making Trials” in Sixteenth- and Early Seventeenth-Century European Academic Medicine},
  author={Evan R. Ragland},
  pages={503 - 528}
  • Evan R. Ragland
  • Published 2017
  • Sociology
  • Isis
  • Throughout the sixteenth century, learned physicians across Europe performed a diverse array of “trials” of phenomena and published reports about them. This essay traces the phrase “periculum facere” (“to make a trial”) and related terms through natural history investigations, drug testing, chymical analysis, and anatomical discoveries. Physicians used ancient precedents, their learned expertise, and pedagogical authority to anchor the epistemic status of their trials and incorporated the… CONTINUE READING
    2 Citations


    Medicine, 1450–1620, and the History of Science
    • 10
    63 (quotation), 59. On Ibn al-Nafis see Nahyan Fancy, Science and Religion in Mamluk Egypt: Ibn al-Nafīs
    • Pulmonary Transit, and Bodily Resurrection
    • 2013
    Testing Drugs and Trying Cures," special issue
    • The Science of Describing: Natural History in Renaissance Europe
    • 2006
    Between Data and Demonstration: The Analytics and the Historia animalium
    • Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology
    • 2001
    Wonders and the order of nature
    • 379
    On the role of experimentation in Bacon's work see Graham Rees's introductions and commentary in The Oxford Francis Bacon
    • rich detail. See Pastorino
    • 1996
    De humani corporis fabrica (1543), Bk. 1, Ch. 6, p. 29. See also Siraisi, The Clock and the Mirror: Girolamo Cardano and Renaissance
    • Courtald Institutes
    • 1994