“Living high − training low” altitude training improves sea level performance in male and female élite runners

  title={“Living high − training low” altitude training improves sea level performance in male and female {\'e}lite runners},
  author={J. Stray-gundersen and R. Chapman and B. Levine},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Medicine \& Science in Sports},
Acclimatization to moderate high altitude accompanied by training at low altitude (living high–training low) has been shown to improve sea level endurance performance in accomplished, but not élite, runners. Whether élite athletes, who may be closer to the maximal structural and functional adaptive capacity of the respiratory (i.e. oxygen transport from environment to mitochondria) system, may achieve similar performance gains is unclear. To answer this question, we studied 14 élite men and… Expand
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