“I heard voices…”: From semiology, a historical review, and a new hypothesis on the presumed epilepsy of Joan of Arc

  title={“I heard voices…”: From semiology, a historical review, and a new hypothesis on the presumed epilepsy of Joan of Arc},
  author={Giuseppe d’Orsi and Paolo Tinuper},
  journal={Epilepsy \& Behavior},
Joan of Arc: Sanctity, witchcraft or epilepsy?
A retrospective diagnosis of epilepsy in three historical figures: St Paul, Joan of Arc and Socrates
It is possible to argue that Socrates, St Paul and Joan of Arc each had epilepsy by analysing passages from historical texts.
Hallmarks in the History of Epilepsy: From Antiquity Till the Twentieth Century
The history of epilepsy is intervened with the history of humanity and can be traced back to 2,000 B.C. in ancient Akkadian texts; epileptics are thought to be afflicted by evil spirits.
The intriguing case of Christina the Astonishing
Christina appears to be unique in the archives of the religious interpretation of epilepsy in that her seizures were understood to represent her willing submission to demonic torments to provide much needed respite for those in purgatory.
Hallucinations, Persecutions and Self-Defense: The Autobiography of Teresa of Ávila
sick woman, Teresa de Ahumada y Cepeda (Ávila 1515), who—at this moment in time—is suspected of having had the stigmatized disease of epilepsy. Teresa, a Carmelite nun who reported having divine
His Majesty’s Psychosis: the Case of Emperor Joshua Norton
  • E. Lis
  • Psychology
    Academic Psychiatry
  • 2014
The author presents Emperor Norton as a unique case in psychiatric history to explore first what diagnosis best explains his story and, second, whether he merits a diagnosis at all.
Romanticism and schizophrenia. First part: The recency hypothesis and the core Gestalt of the disease.
The arguments presented in this paper tend to support the recency hypothesis and open the doors to consider in a second part the relationship between the features of Romanticism, starting by the “discovery of intimacy”, and its articulation with the disturbance of ipseity and selfhood characteristic of the disease.
Joan of Arc-Hearing Voices.
Clinicians will be struck by the depiction of a young woman in an altered state of consciousness in Jules Bastien-Lepage's Joan of Arc, which captures a viewer’s attention with its photographic quality.


Gustave Flaubert's Illness: A Case Report in Evidence Against the Erroneous Notion of Psychogenic Epilepsy
Gustave Flaubert's case, like Dostoevski's, points to the possible coexistence of a serious and poorly controlled form of epilepsy with true literary genius without the latter being dependent in any way on the former.
Auditory hallucinations: a comparison between patients and nonpatients.
The form and the content of chronic auditory hallucinations were compared in three cohorts, namely patients with schizophrenia, patients with a dissociative disorder, and nonpatient voice-hearers to present evidence that the form of the hallucinations experienced by both patient and non patient groups is similar, irrespective of diagnosis.
Partial epilepsy with “ecstatic” seizures
Idiopathic partial epilepsy with auditory features (IPEAF): a clinical and genetic study of 53 sporadic cases.
The data support the existence of a peculiar form of non-lesional temporal lobe epilepsy closely related to ADPEAF but without a positive family history, here named IPEAF, which has a benign course in the majority of patients and could be diagnosed by the presence of auditory aura.
Seizures in the life and works of Edgar Allan Poe.
  • C. Bazil
  • Psychology
    Archives of neurology
  • 1999
Edgar Allan Poe, one of the most celebrated of American storytellers, lived through and wrote descriptions of episodic unconsciousness, confusion, and paranoia, which could represent complex partial seizures, prolonged postictal states, or postictsal psychosis.
The Impact of Epilepsy on Graham Greene
Graham Greene is the only public figure in the United Kingdom, of whom I am aware, who has admitted and discussed the impact of epilepsy, even though this was more than 40 years later when there was some doubt about the diagnosis.
Dostoevsky's epilepsy: a case report and comparison.
  • H. Morgan
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Surgical neurology
  • 1990
Fyodor Mikhailovitch Dostoevski's Involuntary Contribution to the Symptomatology and Prognosis of Epilepsy
The Russian novelist Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is by far the most interesting of these three epileptic geniuses and the authors have much more detailed knowledge of his epilepsy than of Van Gogh's or Flaubert's, or indeed than of the majority of patients studied in the most specialized hospital centers.
A historical case of disseminated chronic tuberculosis.
It would seem unlikely that widespread tuberculosis, a serious disease, was present in this 'patient' whose life-style and activities would surely have been impossible had such aserious disease been present.
Pleasurable auditory hallucinations
Assessment of the frequency of voices as a pleasurable experience in a psychotic patient population to assess the impact of voices on the negative impact of the experience itself.