“I feel like half a woman all the time”: The impacts of coerced and forced sterilisations on HIV-positive women in South Africa

@article{Essack2012IFL,
  title={“I feel like half a woman all the time”: The impacts of coerced and forced sterilisations on HIV-positive women in South Africa},
  author={Zaynab Essack and Ann Strode},
  journal={Agenda},
  year={2012},
  volume={26},
  pages={24 - 34}
}
abstract HIV-positive women are entitled to sexual and reproductive health rights, including access to contraceptives of their choice. One such option is sterilisation. Given its permanency, a woman's decision to sterilise should be voluntary and fully informed. However, there have been multiple reports that HIV-positive women are being sterilised without their informed consent, and sometimes without their knowledge, in southern Africa and elsewhere. The Article explores the socio-cultural… 
Experiences of forced sterilisation and coercion to sterilise among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in Namibia: an analysis of the psychological and socio-cultural effects
TLDR
It was showed that there are negative psychological effects manifesting in psychological symptoms associated with anxiety and depression and negative socio-cultural effects including discrimination, victimisation and gender-based violence of involuntary sterilisation are long-lasting.
Informed consent for sterilisation of women and girls with disabilities in the light of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
abstract In South Africa, as indeed around the world, systematic prejudice and discrimination continues to result in women and girls with disabilities having their right to experience their
Chronicles of communication and power: informed consent to sterilisation in the Namibian Supreme Court’s LM judgment of 2015
TLDR
Analysis of the reasoning and factual narratives of the Namibia Supreme Court judgment set an important precedent on informed consent in a case involving the coercive sterilisation of HIV-positive women by applying Neil Manson and Onora O’Neill’s approach to informed consent as a communicative process.
Rethinking gender and human rights through transgender and intersex experiences in South Africa
abstract The South African Constitution has been well known for its progressive entrenchment of gender, sex and sexual orientation into the Bill of Rights. Nevertheless, it was only in 2004 when the
Involuntary Sterilisation as a Form of Violence against Women in Africa
This article examines the meaning and nature of sterilisation. It equally discusses the historical context of involuntary sterilisation and its likely human rights implications. More importantly, it
Provision of immediate postpartum contraception to women living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa; a cross-sectional analysis
TLDR
A high prevalence of immediate postpartum contraception with a preference for Injectables in the study setting is found and the factors that predict these choices are highlighted.
Pathways to Inhumane Care: Masculinity and Violence in a South African Emergency Unit.
Inhumane treatment of patients by health care providers is reported around the world. A range of explanations has been proposed, indicating the complexity of the multiple factors involved. This
How do national strategic plans for HIV and AIDS in southern and eastern Africa address gender-based violence? A women's rights perspective.
TLDR
It is suggested that NSPs are not sufficiently addressing the human rights challenge of tackling GBV in the response to HIV and AIDS in southern and eastern Africa and it is critical that they do so.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Women Living with HIV in South Africa and Their Concerns About Fertility
TLDR
This paper qualitatively explored women’s questions and concerns around living with HIV, being on HAART and pregnancy, and three main themes emerged.
The Right to Love: The Desire for Parenthood among Men Living with HIV
'Even if you're positive, you still have rights because you are a person': human rights and the reproductive choice of HIV-positive persons.
TLDR
The analysis draws on recognised tools developed to evaluate health policies for their human rights impacts and on a model developed for health equity research in South Africa to argue for greater recognition of agency on the part of persons affected by HIV/AIDS in the development and content of policies on reproductive choices.
“Injuries are Beyond Love”: Physical Violence in Young South Africans' Sexual Relationships
TLDR
Drawing on a long-term ethnographic study of young people in an urban township, this article explores how violent practices are variously construed, differentiated, and legitimated, in particular through the assignment of blame and the significance accorded to bodily marking.
Fertility Intentions and Reproductive Health Care Needs of People Living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: Implications for Integrating Reproductive Health and HIV Care Services
TLDR
Overall, greater intentions to have children were associated with being male, having fewer children, living in an informal settlement and use of antiretroviral therapy, with being on HAART strongly associated with women's fertility intentions.
Living with HIV: Challenges in Reproductive Health Care in South Africa
TLDR
The South African experience should inform policy-making and programmes in relation to HIV and reproductive health care in other African countries, based on an interview study with eight key informants and a literature review.
...
...