“I Have Heard Horrible Stories . . .”

@article{Maier2008IHH,
  title={“I Have Heard Horrible Stories . . .”},
  author={Shana L Maier},
  journal={Violence Against Women},
  year={2008},
  volume={14},
  pages={786 - 808}
}
This study explores rape victim advocates' perceptions of the revictimization of rape victims by the police and medical system. Most of the previous research on revictimization focuses on either victims or members of the criminal justice, legal, medical, or mental health systems. The current study provides a more complete picture of victims' possible revictimization by the police and medical system through in-depth interviews with 47 rape victim advocates in four states who had direct… 
“I Think It’s Re-Victimizing Victims Almost Every Time”: Police Perceptions of Criminal Justice Responses to Sexual Violence
Criminal justice responses to sexual violence have long been critiqued for either failing or further victimizing complainants. The ways that police can be complicit in these shortcomings is well
“At Least I Tried”: Swedish Police Officers’ Experiences of Meeting with Women Who Were Raped
Interactions with police officers are of great importance as to how the reporting raped woman continues to process what has happened. The focus of this study was on police officers’ experiences
“Silly Girls” and “Nice Young Lads”
TLDR
Perceptions and presumptions in relation to rape, raped women, and rapists, among medico-legal professionals who perform forensic medical examinations in rape cases are explored, revealing that many of these personnel hold particular views centered broadly on the vilification of victims and the vindication of perpetrators.
Advocates Speak Out on Adult Sexual Assault: A Unique Crime Demands a Unique Response
Research documents the challenges presented to victims of sexual assault whose cases move through the criminal justice system. One key vantage point from which to understand how survivors experience
Police Interviews of Sexual Assault Reporters: Do Attitudes Matter?
TLDR
Although officer gender was related to interviewing skill, the effect was mediated by rape myth acceptance, and implications for selection of police to conduct victim interviews were discussed.
Trauma-Informed Police Responses to Rape Victims
  • Karen Rich
  • Law
    Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Rape victims can benefit from trauma-informed approaches when reporting rape to police. Police interviewing skill can prevent survivor re-victimization while eliciting useful crime
"Nobody deserves this": Adolescent sexual assault victims' perceptions of disbelief and victim blame from police
Prior research reveals that many police engage in victim blaming, skeptical reactions to adult sexual assault survivors. However, little is known about adolescent survivors’ experiences with police.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners’ Perceptions of Their Relationship With Doctors, Rape Victim Advocates, Police, and Prosecutors
TLDR
This research explores SANEs’ perceptions of their relationships with other professionals who treat or interact with rape victims and indicates positive relationships are marked by open communication, respect shown towards SANEs as well as rape victims, and a sense of appreciation among SANEs.
Reporting rape: Victim perspectives on advocacy support in the criminal justice process
Concerns about the criminal justice response to rape have prompted the development of victim advocacy services across a range of jurisdictions, yet research evidence about the nature, meaning and
Victim Advocates’ Perceptions of Legal Work
TLDR
This study offers three explanations for the devaluation of women’s care work in general, the confidentiality constraints on communicating the value of their care work, and popular assumptions that care work requires professional credentials in order to be legitimate.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
Having the Last Word
How should feminists concerned about women's experiences with rape prosecution position themselves relative to victims' rights legislation? This interview-based study focuses on rape survivors' talk
Secondary Victimization of Rape Victims: Insights From Mental Health Professionals Who Treat Survivors of Violence
TLDR
Survey of licensed mental health professionals about the extent to which they believe rape victims are “re-raped” in their interactions with social system personnel found most therapists believed that some community professionals engage in harmful behaviors that are detrimental to rape survivors’ psychological well-being.
Emotional Reactions of Rape Victim Advocates: A Multiple Case Study of Anger and Fear
This research explores the emotional reactions of a rarely studied group of women who work closely with survivors of sexual violence: rape victim advocates. Women who assist rape victims in obtaining
Medical Students' Attitudes About Female Rape Victims
The goal of the present investigation was to examine the extent to which assault and participant characteristics influence medical students' attitudes toward rape and nonsexual assault victims.
Rape Survivors' Experiences With the Legal and Medical Systems
  • R. Campbell
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Violence against women
  • 2006
TLDR
Rape survivors who had the assistance of an advocate were significantly more likely to have police reports taken and were less likely to be treated negatively by police officers, and reported less distress from their medical contact experiences.
Police Officers' Perceptions of Rape
This study examined how police officers (N = 91) define rape. In the past decade, most states have dramatically reformed their rape laws, shifting the emphasis from the behavior of the victim to that
The responsible victim: nurses' perceptions of victims of rape.
  • C. Alexander
  • Psychology
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1980
TLDR
Findings suggest that although nurses make relatively similar assignments of blame to rape and beating victims, the assignment of blame differs significantly for those victims described as "respectable" and "disrespectable".
Preventing the “Second Rape”
TLDR
The trauma of rape extends far beyond the assault itself, as negative community responses can significantly elevate distress, and postassault contact with community systems exacerbated rape victims' psychological and physical health distress.
The Reality and Myth of Rape: Implications for theCriminal Justice System
This article sets out to evaluate the researchevidence for rape myths and the extent to which theyare causally related to rape proclivity; negativeattitudes towards rape victims; and the reporting
The Community Response to Rape: Victims' Experiences with the Legal, Medical, and Mental Health Systems
  • R. Campbell
  • Medicine, Psychology
    American journal of community psychology
  • 1998
TLDR
Findings provide empirical support for a basic tenet of ecological theory: environmental structures and practices influence individual outcomes in legal, medical, and mental health systems.
...
...