“I’m Indian Too!”

  title={“I’m Indian Too!”},
  author={Charles Fruehling Springwood},
  journal={Journal of Sport \& Social Issues},
  pages={56 - 70}
  • C. Springwood
  • Published 1 February 2004
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Sport & Social Issues
The author examines the ways in which people who are not “ethnically Indian” have, nevertheless, strategically claimed Indianness to argue in favor of Native American mascots. The selective (mis)use and inflation of American Indian identity is hardly a new practice, but in this context, it occurs to very specific political ends. This debate has important consequences for all Native Americans. Indeed, it is argued here that a number of White people are now rhetorically fabricating Indianness in… 

Figures from this paper

Race, Place, and Biography at Play

Critical to the Indian mascot debate is the question of whether American Indians support their use. My research describes the diverse viewpoints of Northeast (NE) Ohio Natives, who live in a region

American Indian Permission for Mascots: Resistance or Complicity within Rhetorical Colonialism?

In 2005 the National Collegiate Athletic Association banned the use of American Indian symbols such as mascots, nicknames, and imagery in post-season sporting events. However, several universities

The Mascot Slot

Caricatures of American Indians that would not now be tolerated if they portrayed other racial or ethnic groups are institutionalized in school, university, and professional sport teams and

Decolonization Not Inclusion

American Indians experience forms of domination and resist them through a wide range of decolonizing processes that are commonly overlooked, misidentified, or minimally analyzed by American

Eliminating Native American Mascots

Many scholars have written about the problems with Native American mascots. Yet no scholar has systematically studied what factors affect the outcomes of struggles over Native American mascots. In

Do American Indian mascots = American Indian people? Examining implicit bias towards American Indian people and American Indian mascots.

Examination of implicit attitudes of non-AI people towards AI mascots and the extent to which they are related to attitudes towards AI people found significant concordance was observed between negative bias toward AI mascot and AI people.

Native Mascots and Ethnic Fraud in Higher Education: Using Tribal Critical Race Theory and the Interest Convergence Principle as an Analytic Tool

This article examines one university's policies regarding Native mascots and ethnic fraud through a Tribal Critical Race Theory analytic lens. Using the principle of interest convergence, we argue

“You Know, We Are All Indian”

In August 2005, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) ignited a firestorm of controversy when it announced a policy that would require colleges and universities with Native American

This Is Not an Indian

This article reviews the history and significance of Native Americanmascots as well as the ongoing controversy over the continued use of pseudo-Indian imagery in athletics. It offers a succinct

Dunky the Frog and the Politics of Irony

Although scholars have used poststructural and postmodern frameworks to understand the power relations of sport, critical research has rarely considered a politics of irony in the sporting realm.



The Fancy Dance of Racializing Discourse

In the United States, the Euro-American practice of using stereotypical Native American imagery and dancing in association with athletic mascots continues despite vigorous protest. This suggests that

Defensive Dialogues: Native American Mascots, Anti-Indianism, and Educational Institutions

Exploring the arguments and practices employed by educational institutions to defend the continued use of Native American names, logos, and imagery, this article argues that such efforts derive from

Of Polls and Race Prejudice

This article offers a collaborative review of the article “The Indian Wars”from the March 4, 2002, issue of Sports Illustrated that purported to present novel scientific findings regarding the

The Tribe Called Wannabee: Playing Indian in America and Europe

ONE of the oldest and most pervasive forms of American cultural expression, indeed one of the oldest forms of affinity with American culture at the national level, is a 'performance' I call 'playing

Reckoning and Refiguring of Native North American Identity

In one panel of her provocative installation Preservation of a Species: DECONSTRUCTIVISTS (This is the house that Joe built), the Canadian artist Joane Cardinal-Schubert has arranged, as if on a

Indigenous Identity: What Is It and Who Really Has It?

Indigenous identity is a truly complex and somewhat controversial topic. There is little agreement on precisely what constitutes an indigenous identity, how to measure it, and who truly has it.