“Highly Qualified” to Do What? The Relationship Between NCLB Teacher Quality Mandates and the Use of Reform-Oriented Instruction in Middle School Mathematics

  title={“Highly Qualified” to Do What? The Relationship Between NCLB Teacher Quality Mandates and the Use of Reform-Oriented Instruction in Middle School Mathematics},
  author={Thomas M. Smith and Laura M. Desimone and Koji Ueno},
The federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) calls for a highly qualified teacher in every classroom. According to the legislation, “highly qualified” is defined as full certification, a bachelor’s degree, and demonstrated content knowledge in all core subjects taught. States, district, and schools are spending considerable resources addressing these provisions, but to what degree are the readily available measures of teacher qualifications associated with the type of teaching advocated… 

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