“Hexing Herbs” in Ethnobotanical Perspective: A Historical Review of the Uses of Anticholinergic Solanaceae Plants in Europe

@article{Fatur2020HexingHI,
  title={“Hexing Herbs” in Ethnobotanical Perspective: A Historical Review of the Uses of Anticholinergic Solanaceae Plants in Europe},
  author={Karsten Fatur},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  year={2020},
  volume={74},
  pages={140 - 158}
}
Though not the most frequently used botanical family, the Solanaceae or nightshade family has provided many plants of great importance around the world. Throughout Europe, the “hexing herbs,” plants from this family with anticholinergic alkaloids, have played an especially important role in the history and formation of traditions pertaining to plant use in many aspects of human life. Represented in Europe by the genera Atropa, Datura, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, and Scopolia, the alkaloids… 
5 Citations

Nixing the nightshades: Traditional knowledge of intoxicating members of the Solanaceae among hallucinogenic plant and mushroom users in Slovenia

Knowledge of the intoxicating Solanaceae has been largely lost in Slovenia among users of other botanical hallucinogens, likely due to the various dangers their use poses and the undesirable effects they often cause.

Pipes and Potions: Testing the Efficacy of European Folk Preparation Methods for Anticholinergic Solanaceae Plants

Cold- and hot-water preparations, tinctures, and fortified wines all proved to be effective means of extracting atropine and scopolamine from plant material under conditions seen in folk usage, suggesting a lack of efficiency for these preparations, a problem with the methodology, or possible chemical changes and losses associated with the preparation procedure.

Beauty of the beast: anticholinergic tropane alkaloids in therapeutics

The present review tries to fill this lacuna by critically summarizing and discussing the above mentioned aspects of tropane alkaloids, which are of great clinical importance and used as antiemetics, anesthetics, antispasmodics, bronchodilator and mydriatics.

Complete plastome phylogeny and an update on cox1 intron evolution of Hyoscyameae (Solanaceae)

The strongly supported phylogenetic affiliations of Atropanthe, Anisodus, and Hyoscyamus represent the major advancements as previous studies were not able to resolve these relationships.

Anticancer potential of Solanaceae plants: A review

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 271 REFERENCES

Ethnobotanical notes about some uses of medicinal plants in Alto Tirreno Cosentino area (Calabria, Southern Italy)

Labiatae, Rosaceae and Leguminosae are the families most frequently present, whilst Compositae and Brassicaceae are almost absent: sores, ulcers, tinea, dermatitis, gangrenous wounds of cattle, and even respiratory ailments are usually cured by resort to plants.

The ecological aspect of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • S. Redžić
  • Biology, Medicine
    Collegium antropologicum
  • 2007
It has been perceived that longer ethno therapeutic tradition possess inhabitants of sub- and Mediterranean areas, as well as inhabitants of the mountain areas of B&H, regardless their ethnicity, and there haven't been noticed significant differences in the frequencies of medicinal plants use among different ethnical groups.

Rediscovering the medicinal properties of Datura sp.: A review

The present review includes phytochemical investigations and biological activities of various Datura species wherein several novel compounds have been isolated, characterized and screened for their biological activities.

Medicinal plants of Mt. Pelion, Greece

It is possible that ancient plant usage information that was lost due to the destruction of classical literary works has survived in the oral tradition in the Mt. Pelion area and elsewhere in Greece.

Botanical Provenance of Traditional Medicines From Carpathian Mountains at the Ukrainian-Polish Border

The use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region are described, with strong preferences for local use of St John's-wort, wormwood, garlic, and gentian.

Ethnobotanical Remarks in Capitanata and Salento Areas (Puglia, Southern Italy)

Analysis of the data collected shows the impoitance of many alimentary species, bothcultivated and wild, used in phytotherapy and the uses of many plants in daily life in domestic crafts (jams, liqueurs, basket-weaving and rope-making) are more frequent than the phytotherapic ones.

Sagas of the Solanaceae: Speculative ethnobotanical perspectives on the Norse berserkers.

Plant resources used in Serbian medieval medicine. Ethnobotany and Ethnomedicine

Analysis of manuscripts from the Chilandar Medical Codex on the usage and origin of medical substances in Serbian medieval medicine compared to contemporary studies on medical ethnobotany conducted in the Western Balkans shows that most ingredients used were of plant origin, while the contribution of minerals and substances of animal origin was considerably smaller.

Wild Edible Plants and Their Traditional Use in the Human Nutrition in Bosnia‐Herzegovina

This article presents first systematical procedure results on traditional usage of wild, edible, vitaminous, and aromatic plants in the nutrition of human population in Bosnia and Herzegovina (W.

Wild Edible Plants and Their Traditional Use in the Human Nutrition in Bosnia‐Herzegovina

The majority of identified, wild edible plants may satisfy the daily human need for elementary nutrition material, particularly those of vitamins and ethno-pharmacological potions.
...