“Good Types” in Authoritarian Elections

@article{Manion2017GoodTI,
  title={“Good Types” in Authoritarian Elections},
  author={Melanie Manion},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2017},
  volume={50},
  pages={362 - 394}
}
  • Melanie Manion
  • Published 1 March 2017
  • Political Science
  • Comparative Political Studies
A new electoral design for subnational congress elections in China allows me to investigate the informational utility of authoritarian elections. Authoritarian regimes are notoriously bad at solving the moral hazard problem in the voter’s agency relationship with politicians. Borrowing from the literature on political selection, I theorize that authoritarian elections can nonetheless solve the adverse selection problem: Chinese voters can use their electoral power to select “good types,” with… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Who wins the most when everybody wins? Predicting candidate performance in an authoritarian election
ABSTRACT What explains the variation in vote shares received by candidates in single-party authoritarian elections where everybody wins? The scholarly literature has often ignored institutional
Engineering Representation in A Single-Party Regime: A Mobilizational Model of Political Representation in China’s Local Congresses
Can authoritarian regimes provide meaningful representation to their citizens? Political representation has been primarily considered and discussed in liberal-democratic settings. However, why do
The Democratic Claims of Communist Regime Leaders
Communist authoritarian regimes born of revolution claim that their rule is democratic, sponsoring elections that, even if uncompetitive, may supplement their claims to rule if the outcome rewards
The Power of Empty Promises
In authoritarian regimes, seemingly liberal reforms are often poorly implemented in practice. However, this study argues that even weak quasi-democratic institutions can offer resources to political
Reexamining the Electoral Connection in Authoritarian China: The Local People's Congress and Its Private Entrepreneur Deputies
China holds direct elections for deputies to serve in the Local People’s Congress (LPC) at the county and township levels. As the LPC gains more power and private entrepreneur deputies emerge as the
Subnational Elections and Media Freedom in Autocracies: Diffusion of Local Reputation and Regime Survival
What is the effect of subnational elections on autocratic regime survival? The existing literature suggests that holding subnational elections help foster autocratic regime stability. I argue that
Testing the “China Model” of Meritocratic Promotions: Do Democracies Reward Less Competent Ministers Than Autocracies?
Proponents of the “China Model” suggest that autocracies, particularly in East Asia, reward competence more than democracies. However, a competing literature argues that autocracies are less likely
Closing Open Government: Grassroots Policy Conversion of China’s Open Government Information Regulation and Its Aftermath
How and when do opportunities for political participation through courts change under authoritarianism? Although China is better known for tight political control than for political expression, the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 105 REFERENCES
Elections under authoritarianism: Preliminary lessons from Jordan
This study examines the politics of elections in authoritarian regimes, focusing on Jordan. Specifically, it considers (1) what is the role of elections in authoritarian regimes? (2) How can we
Independent Candidates in China’s Local People’s Congress Elections
In the Chinese political system, according to the constitution, the people’s congresses at the primary level are the only institution which the voters can directly elect. However, the Chinese
When Communist Party Candidates Can Lose, Who Wins? Assessing the Role of Local People's Congresses in the Selection of Leaders in China*
Abstract This article draws on Party and government documents, Chinese-language books and articles, interviews and firsthand observation, and electoral outcome data to contribute to the emerging
Quality Counts: Extending the Strategic Politician Model of Incumbent Deterrence
Competitive elections are essential to representative democracy. Competition in U.S. House elections is low in part because incumbents have strategic advantages that deter strong potential candidates
The Logic of Electoral Authoritarianism
itarianism. The good thing is that scaring off specters is an easy assignment, in particular for those who fail to believe in scary metaphysical creatures. The bad thing is that the specter is a
Essays on political economy
The first chapter shows that the ideological dimension is the key determinant of the decision to vote. We do so with a unique data base that analyses the elections in 16 OECD multi-party system
Elections Under Authoritarianism
Current scholarship on elections in authoritarian regimes has focused on exploring the relationship between elections and democratization, and it has generally used analytical frameworks and methods
Incumbent performance and electoral control
In the pure theory of electoral competition, citizens compare the platforms of the candidates and vote for the one whose platform is preferred. Candidate strategies are identified with promises about
Independent Candidates in China's Local People's Congresses: a typology
Previous studies of China's local people's congress (LPC) elections have been preoccupied with the description of the new election law, the operation of that law, the control mechanism of local
Authoritarian Parochialism: Local Congressional Representation in China*
Abstract This article draws on evidence from loosely structured interviews and data from original surveys of 5,130 delegates in township, county and municipal congresses to argue that congressional
...
...