“Gas and Fat Embolic Syndrome” Involving a Mass Stranding of Beaked Whales (Family Ziphiidae) Exposed to Anthropogenic Sonar Signals

@article{Fernandez2005GasAF,
  title={“Gas and Fat Embolic Syndrome” Involving a Mass Stranding of Beaked Whales (Family Ziphiidae) Exposed to Anthropogenic Sonar Signals},
  author={A. Fernandez and John F. Edwards and Francisco Rodr{\'i}guez and Antonio Espinosa de los Monteros and Pedro Herr{\'a}ez and Pedro Castro and Jos{\'e} Radu{\'a}n Jaber and V. Mart{\'i}n and Manuel Arbelo},
  journal={Veterinary Pathology},
  year={2005},
  volume={42},
  pages={446 - 457}
}
A study of the lesions of beaked whales (BWs) in a recent mass stranding in the Canary Islands following naval exercises provides a possible explanation of the relationship between anthropogenic, acoustic (sonar) activities and the stranding and death of marine mammals. Fourteen BWs were stranded in the Canary Islands close to the site of an international naval exercise (Neo-Tapon 2002) held on 24 September 2002. Strandings began about 4 hours after the onset of midfrequency sonar activity… 

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