“Freedom and Friendship to Ireland”: Ribbonism in Early Nineteenth-Century Liverpool

@article{Belchem1994FreedomAF,
  title={“Freedom and Friendship to Ireland”: Ribbonism in Early Nineteenth-Century Liverpool},
  author={John Belchem},
  journal={International Review of Social History},
  year={1994},
  volume={39},
  pages={33-56}
}
  • John Belchem
  • Published 1994
  • Sociology
  • International Review of Social History
  • The paper examines the role of “nationalist” secret societies among the rapidly growing Irish community in Britain in the 1830s and 1840s. The main port of entry, Liverpool occupied a pivotal role as the two main “Ribbon” societies developed secret networks to provide migrant members with political sanctuary and a range of “tramping” benefits. Through its welfare provision, offered irrespective of skill or trade, Ribbonism engendered a sense of identity wider than that of the familial and… CONTINUE READING
    13 Citations

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
    The Evolution of Irish Nationalist Politics
    • 128
    Labour Tradition in Glasgow and Liverpool
    • 32
    A labour history of Ireland, 1824-1960
    • 24
    The Irish in Britain, 1815-1914
    • 43
    Moving Europeans: Migration in Western Europe Since 1650
    • 172
    The Irish in Britain, United States and Australia: Some Comparative Reflections on Labour History
    • The Irish in British Labour History
    • 1993