“False Memory” Is a Linguistic Convenience

@article{Bernstein2018FalseMI,
  title={“False Memory” Is a Linguistic Convenience},
  author={Daniel M. Bernstein and Alan Scoboria and Lecia Desjarlais and Kendall Soucie},
  journal={Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice},
  year={2018},
  volume={5},
  pages={161–179}
}
The term false memory describes outcomes to various procedures and techniques, such as coming to believe that suggested false events occurred, acceptance of postevent misinformation, and recognition of critical lures in the Deese−Roediger−McDermott (DRM) procedure. The literature to date has indicated that these memory errors intercorrelate poorly, if at all. However, issues with sample size and measurement reliability may have affected prior estimates. This study examined links among these 3… 

Tables from this paper

Investigating the Relations Among Different Measures of False Memory
TLDR
The results of the current study suggest that tasks intended to measure false memory may be measuring different types of memory errors.
Who is susceptible in three false memory tasks?
TLDR
Results indicate that many correlations between false memory variables in all three inter-paradigm comparisons are null, though some small, positive, significant correlations emerged and it seems likely that there is no false memory “trait”.
False Memory Tasks Do Not Reliably Predict Other False Memories
TLDR
At this time, false memory production in a given laboratory task does not appear to adequately predict false memories in other tasks, a finding with implications for using these tasks to predict memory distortion in real world situations.
Why there is No False Memory Trait and Why Everyone is Susceptible to Memory Distortions: The Dual Encoding Interference Hypothesis (Commentary on Bernstein, Scoboria, Desjarlais, & Soucie, in press)
Until recently, it was unclear whether there is an identifiable “trait” that represents a person’s vulnerability to developing false memories. Two articles in the current issue (Patihis, Frenda, &
Memory updating after retrieval: when new information is false or correct
TLDR
This research suggests retrieval facilitates incorporation of new, related information, regardless of whether it is false or correct, as measured by later recall in a follow-up test.
Adaptive constructive processes: An episodic specificity induction impacts false recall in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm.
TLDR
The hypothesis that ESI operates to boost recollection of illusory episodic details associated with critical lures in the DRM is supported, and it is suggested that constructive rather than reproductive episodic retrieval processes support the wide-ranging effects of ESI on a range of cognitive tasks.
The Trajectory of Targets and Critical Lures in the Deese/Roediger–McDermott Paradigm: A Systematic Review
TLDR
A systemic review of the Deese/Roediger–McDermott paradigm concludes that targets and critical lures have a dissimilar trajectory across delay and that critical lURES are more persistent than targets.
Methods of Exploring Related-Meaning-Based False Memories
  • K. McGuire
  • Psychology
    Journal of Cognition and Development
  • 2021
ABSTRACT Children have traditionally been viewed as less reliable witnesses than are adults. More recently, a concept known as developmental reversals, has brought this view into question.
Dissociation and false memory: the moderating role of trauma and cognitive ability
TLDR
Overall, experiencing trauma and dissociation, as well as lower levels of cognitive ability, were associated with higher false memory.
Are children better witnesses than adolescents? Developmental trends in different false memory paradigms
Abstract The current study compared older children’s (11/12-year-olds) and adolescents’ (14/15-year-olds) vulnerability to false memory creation using two different methods (i.e., the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
False Memory ≠ False Memory: DRM Errors Are Unrelated to the Misinformation Effect
TLDR
There were no correlations between a broad range of misinformation and DRM effect measures (mean r  = −.01), and DRM ‘false memories�’ and misinformation effect ‘ false memories’ do not appear to be equivalent.
The relationship between DRM and misinformation false memories
TLDR
The results suggest that misinformation and DRM false memories generally involve different mechanisms and that their shared mechanism may involve the global discrimination ability.
A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies
TLDR
This research demonstrates a useful procedure for systematically combining data that are not amenable to meta-analysis, and provides the most valid estimate of false memory formation and associated moderating factors within the implantation literature to date.
False Memory Tasks Do Not Reliably Predict Other False Memories
TLDR
At this time, false memory production in a given laboratory task does not appear to adequately predict false memories in other tasks, a finding with implications for using these tasks to predict memory distortion in real world situations.
Adults' memories of childhood: true and false reports.
TLDR
The source-monitoring framework provided a viable explanatory framework for false memory formation and true/false memory discernment and implications for theory and clinical and forensic interviews are discussed.
The misinformation effect is unrelated to the DRM effect with and without a DRM warning
TLDR
The findings suggest that these two forms of false memories are not interchangeable and they appear to be the result of different cognitive processes.
False Memories: What the Hell are They For?
Recollecting the past is often accompanied by a sense of veracity—a subjective feeling that we are reencountering fragments of an episode as it occurred. Yet years of research suggest that we can be
Creating false memories: Remembering words not presented in lists.
False memories—either remembering events that never happened, or remembering them quite differently from the way they happened—have recently captured the attention of both psychologists and the
Source monitoring.
TLDR
It is argued that source monitoring is based on qualities of experience resulting from combinations of perceptual and reflective processes, usually requires relatively differentiated phenomenal experience, and involves attributions varying in deliberateness.
...
...