“Fake News” and Cyber-Propaganda in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recentering the Research Agenda

  title={“Fake News” and Cyber-Propaganda in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recentering the Research Agenda},
  author={Admire Mare and Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara and Dumisani Zondiwe Moyo},
  journal={African Journalism Studies},
  pages={1 - 12}
ABSTRACT Dominant narratives about the contemporary problem of “fake news” and cyber-propaganda have focused on how its evolution and manifestation has been closely linked with the rise of populist politics, digital capitalism, the transformation of the public sphere and structural weaknesses of liberal and mainstream media. These narratives often use the Western gaze as an analytical and theoretical toolkit to understand a global phenomenon, thereby missing local specificities and nuances. In… 
Demystifying the COVID-19 Infodemic: Conspiracies, Context, and the Agency of Users
This article presents new empirical insights into what people do with conspiracy theories during crises by suppressing the impulse to distinguish between truth and falsehood and engaging with claims surrounding two popular COVID-19 conspiracies in South Africa and Nigeria, to illustrate how conspiracies morph as they interact with different socio-political contexts.
Competing or Complimentary Actors in the Journalistic Field? An Analysis of the Mediation of the COVID-19 Pandemic by Mainstream and Peripheral Content Creators in Zimbabwe
ABSTRACT Unlike previous pandemics and epidemics, the ever-mutating coronavirus (also known as COVID-19) has attracted the attention of both the mainstream and peripheral journalistic actors across
Who is Responsible for Stopping the Spread of Misinformation? Examining Audience Perceptions of Responsibilities and Responses in Six Sub-Saharan African Countries
Abstract While research on misinformation in Africa has increased in recent years, and despite a growing body of theoretical and empirical work that considers the role of governments, platforms, and
Everyday News Use and Misinformation in Kenya
Abstract A growing body of work in journalism studies focuses on understanding audiences’ relationship with news and misinformation. This article adds to this area of inquiry by exploring Kenyans’
Exploring Trust/Mistrust in Journalistic Practice: An Actor-network Analysis of a Kenyan Newsroom
ABSTRACT The entry of non-traditional actors into aspects of journalistic practice has been widely explored in scholarship, as have expressions of the public’s trust in journalistic work. However,
Guardians of truth? Fact-checking the ‘disinfodemic’ in Southern Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic
Based on virtual ethnography and online interviews, we provide new evidence of how fact-checking organizations based in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Namibia responded to the influx of conspiracy
Predatory Publishing: A Catalyst of Misinformation and Disinformation Amongst Academicians and Learners in Developing Countries
ABSTRACT This paper critically analyses the effects of predatory publishing as a major contributor to misinformation and disinformation amongst academicians and learners in developing countries. The
Exploratory Study on Audience Perception of Information Credibility on Media Platforms in Ghana
Using a focus group discussion, this study sought to understand how media audiences perceive information in the media environment in Ghana. The study found out that the prevalence of fake news on
Editorial: Social Media, the Press, and the Crisis of Disinformation in Africa
(2020). Editorial: Social Media, the Press, and the Crisis of Disinformation in Africa. Communicatio: Vol. 46, Themed Issue: Fake News, pp. 1-6.
Deceptive Content Labeling Survey Data from Two U.S. Midwestern Universities
Intentionally deceptive online content seeks to manipulate individuals in their roles as voters, consumers, and participants in society at large. While this problem is pronounced, techniques to


Fake news from Africa: Panics, politics and paradigms
The moral panic about ‘fake news’ internationally has formed the backdrop for debates about the impact of the spread of similar fabrications on politics in South Africa. News – whether ‘fake’ or
Fake News as a Floating Signifier: Hegemony, Antagonism and the Politics of Falsehood
“Fake news” has emerged as a global buzzword. While prominent media outlets, such as The New York Times, CNN, and Buzzfeed News, have used the term to designate misleading information spread online,
Journalism Educators, Regulatory Realities, and Pedagogical Predicaments of the “Fake News” Era: A Comparative Perspective on the Middle East and Africa
From diplomatic spats between Qatar and Saudi Arabia to ubiquitous deceptive “news” updates purportedly sent by the Eritrean government urging all men to marry two wives or risk imprisonment, the
Fake news as an informational moral panic: the symbolic deviancy of social media during the 2016 US presidential election
  • M. Carlson
  • Sociology
    Information, Communication & Society
  • 2018
ABSTRACT A persistent story about the 2016 US presidential election was the preponderance of fake news stories on social media, and on Facebook in particular, that had no basis in fact but were
‘Winning Hearts and Minds’: Crisis and Propaganda in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1962–1970
Recent work on media and propaganda in Zimbabwe has focused on media politics in the contemporary crisis. Most of these studies do not examine the circumstances that created the propaganda or the
Truth is What Happens to News
Here I propose that the phenomenon of “fake news” is indicative of the contested position of news and the dynamics of belief formation in contemporary societies. It is symptomatic of the collapse of
Reinvigorating ‘Age-Old Questions’: African Journalism Cultures and the Fallacy of Global Normative Homogeneity
This book contributes to a broadened theorisation of journalism by exploring the intricacies of African journalism and its connections with the material realities undergirding the profession on the
Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide
"Convergence Culture" maps a new territory: where old and new media intersect, where grassroots and corporate media collide, where the power of the media producer, and the power of the consumer
The Hidden Injuries of Media Power
A concept of media and the boundaries and hierarchies that help produce the media's legitimacy are developed, which draws by analogy on Durkheim's account of the social generation of the sacred/profane distinction and on the work of Bourdieu and others.
Popular communication in Africa: an empirical and theoretical exposition
  • Admire Mare
  • Economics
    Annals of the International Communication Association
  • 2019
ABSTRACT The history of communication research and theory has been dominated by epistemological, ontological, and methodological perspectives from the global North, yet there is a lot that the field