“Facilis descensus averni est”: The Allied Bombing of Germany and the Issue of German Suffering

  title={“Facilis descensus averni est”: The Allied Bombing of Germany and the Issue of German Suffering},
  author={Thomas Childers},
  journal={Central European History},
  pages={75 - 105}
Contemplating with dread the slide toward war between Japan and the United States in the autumn of 1941, Joseph Grew, the American ambassador to Tokyo, noted gloomily in his diary: “Facilis descensus averni est”—the descent into Hell is easy. Events in Europe and China had already given eloquent testimony to that grim axiom, confirming all too clearly that among the first casualties of war are peacetime notions of morality. Grew's foreboding was more than justified. Before the Second World War… 

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