“Draining the Sea”: Mass Killing and Guerrilla Warfare

@article{Valentino2004DrainingTS,
  title={“Draining the Sea”: Mass Killing and Guerrilla Warfare},
  author={Benjamin Valentino and Paul K. Huth and Dylan Balch-Lindsay},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2004},
  volume={58},
  pages={375 - 407}
}
Why do some wars result in the intentional killing of large numbers of civilians? In this article we examine the incidence of mass killing in all wars from 1945 to 2000. In the statistical analysis of our data set of 147 wars, we find strong evidence supporting our hypothesis that mass killing is often a calculated military strategy used by regimes attempting to defeat major guerrilla insurgencies. Unlike conventional military forces, guerrilla armies often rely directly on the local civilian… 
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