author={Golnar Mehran},
  journal={International Review of Education},
  • G. Mehran
  • Published 2009
  • Sociology
  • International Review of Education
AbstractSince the establishment of the Islamic Republic, female higher education has been characterised by a paradoxical combination of discrimination and exclusion, on the one hand, and increasing equality and empowerment, on the other. This study focuses on the triangle of education, equality and empowerment, using Sara Longwe’s women’s empowerment framework to analyse the interplay between the three. State policies to Islamise the universities during the 1980–1983 Cultural Revolution… Expand
Revolutionary Religiosity and Women’s Access to Higher Education in the Islamic Republic of Iran
F ollowing the 1979 revolution, women’s access to higher education in Iran increased dramatically. In just two decades higher education went from a privilege afforded to a tinyminority of women to aExpand
Women and higher education in Iran: What are the implications for employment and the “marriage market”?
In contemporary Iran, women with higher education face both gender discrimination and an unfavourable economic system, one that is not conducive to employment-generation for women. This paperExpand
How do higher education affect Iranian women's life choices? A minor field study of female higher educational opportunities in Iran
Iranian women have since the inception of the Islamic Republic in 1979, significantly improved their access to higher education, nonetheless they are remarkably underrepresented in the formal labourExpand
Female Empowerment in Iran: The Voice of Iranian University Students
In line with global trends, the rate of Iranian female students’ enrolment in higher education has increased. However, some policy makers have been concerned about this and without considering theExpand
Gender-Specific Religious Moral Dilemmas in Iranian Schools
Abstract This chapter studies how in Iranian schools the power of resistance is evident in female students’ moral dilemmas. The Islamic Revolution of Iran was a turning point in Iranian educationalExpand
Beyond cultural stereotypes: Educated mothers’ experiences of work and welfare in Iran
The tensions and pressures that mothers experience when they have to make decisions about combining the care of children with entry into the labour market are by now well established. Much of theExpand
Iranian Women's Perspectives on Violence against Women in Iran and the UK
This study explores the perspectives of female Iranian students living in both Iran and the UK concerning violence against women. A qualitative approach, in the form of in-depth interviews, wasExpand
The Complex Construction of Female English Teachers’ Identity in Iran
There has been a growing interest regarding the identity formation in the broader TESOL research field; however there is scares number of studies which examined the formation of the female teacher’sExpand
Silent voices, untold stories : perceptions of female students towards their own experiences and higher educational opportunities in Peshawar, Khyber Pukhtunkhwah (KP) (Pakistan)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate factors relating to the low level of women’s participation in higher education in Khyber Pukhtunkhwah (KP) a particularly conservative and traditionalistExpand
Higher Education Research in Iran: Quantitative Development and Qualitative Challenges
Over the last two decades of the twentieth century, Iran, like many societies, witnessed the expansion of higher education. During this period, governmental, nongovernmental, and private universitiesExpand


The Feminisation of Iranian Higher Education
The number of women attending institutions of higher education in Iran has been steadily increasing since 1989. Growing enrollment rates for women in colleges and universities have sparked wideExpand
Education for womens empowerment or schooling for womens subordination
This article distinguishes between "schooling for subordination" the notion that promotes conventional schooling for women within existing school systems as a possible basis for them to improve theirExpand
Education for women's empowerment or schooling for women's subordination?
  • S. Longwe
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Gender and development
  • 1998
This article distinguishes between "schooling for subordination," the notion that promotes conventional schooling for women within existing school systems as a possible basis for them to improveExpand
The Islamic Revolution and Education in Iran
Iran is a multiethnic society differentiated by language, religion, and other factors that distinguish its ethnic boundaries. The majority of Iranians belong to the 12 Imami Shici school of thoughtExpand
Feminism and Islam, Legal and Literary Perspectives
In an age when Western feminism is continuously undergoing redefinition, the struggles of women in Muslim countries are often overlooked. This volume illustrates how women in Islamic societies haveExpand
Iran and the surrounding world : interactions in culture and cultural politics
Acknowledgments Note on Transliteration Introduction PART ONE: OVERVIEWS Iranian Culture and South Asia, 1500-1900 Beyond Translation: Interactions between English and Persian Poetry Turk, Persian,Expand
Gender and National Identity: Women and Politics in Muslim Societies.
* List of acronyms and abbreviations * Glossary * Note on transliteration * Preface and acknowledgements * 1. Introduction and overview - Valentine M Moghadam * 2. Feminine Militancy: MoudjahidatesExpand
Gender and development in the Middle East and North Africa : women in the public sphere
This book identifies the economic and social obstacles that women in the Middle East and North Africa face in seeking employment. It also analyzes the potential economic benefits of engaging women inExpand
Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism
"The essays are provocative and enhance knowledge of Third World women's issues. Highly recommended..."-Choice "...the book challenges assumptions and pushes historic and geographical boundaries thatExpand
Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate
PART I: The Pre-Islamic Middle East Chapter 1 Mesopotamia Chapter 2 The Mediterranean Middle East PART II: Founding Discourses Chapter 3 Women and the Rise of Islam Chapter 4 The Transitional AgeExpand