“China’s ‘Great Leap Forward’ in Science and Engineering,” with Wei Huang. In Aldo Geuna (editor), Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Why (Elsevier, 2015). NBER Working Paper #21081 (April 2015)

@inproceedings{Freeman2015ChinasL,
  title={“China’s ‘Great Leap Forward’ in Science and Engineering,” with Wei Huang. In Aldo Geuna (editor), Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Why (Elsevier, 2015). NBER Working Paper #21081 (April 2015)},
  author={Richard B. Freeman and Wei Huang},
  year={2015}
}
In the past two decades China leaped from bit player in global science and engineering (S&E) to become the world's largest source of S&E graduates and the second largest spender on R&D and second largest producer of scientific papers. As a latecomer to modern science and engineering, China trailed the US and other advanced countries in the quality of its universities and research but was improving both through the mid-2010s. This paper presents evidence that China's leap benefited greatly from… CONTINUE READING

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