“As a Shepherd Divideth his Sheep from the Goats”: Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Encapsulate Separable Theistic and Civility Components?

  title={“As a Shepherd Divideth his Sheep from the Goats”: Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Encapsulate Separable Theistic and Civility Components?},
  author={James Benjamin Schuurmans-Stekhoven},
  journal={Social Indicators Research},
Numerous studies suggest spirituality and subjective well-being (SWB) are positively associated. However, critics argue that popular spirituality instruments—including the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES)—contain items that conflate religiosity/spirituality (R/S), prosociality and SWB. Advocates of the DSES retort that, despite this concern, the available evidence confirms a single underlying factor. The current paper evaluates the DSES’s development, factor structure, reliability and… 
Is God's call more than audible? A preliminary exploration using a two‐dimensional model of theistic/spiritual beliefs and experiences
Abstract Among spiritual individuals, auditory hallucinations (AHs) are often accompanied by positive affectivity (PA) suggesting that such coincidental affective valence might gainfully demark
The Benefits of Belief: the Place of Spirituality and Religiosity in the CD-RISC
The belief-as-benefit hypothesis holds that spirituality and religiosity strengthen resilience and increase personal well-being. This spiritually-based account of resilience informed the development
Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid
Although spirituality displays a significant positive correlation and partial correlation (after controlling for socio-demographics) with social support, regression analysis specifying agreeableness and conscientiousness—individual differences related to both spirituality and social support—as predictors renders spirituality nonsignificant.
Factor Structure of the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale in a Polish-Christian Sample
The current article presents the factor structure of the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) in a Polish-Christian sample. The DSES is a scale that attempts to measure a person’s perception of
Focusing on the Nonreligious Reveals Secular Mechanisms Underlying Well-Being and Prosociality
  • L. Galen
  • Psychology
    Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
  • 2018
Greater attention to secular and nonreligious individuals has provided much-needed balance as well as alternative interpretations of commonly held assumptions regarding religiosity/spirituality
Credit Where Credit Is Due
A belief-as-benefit effect (BABE)—the positive association between well-being and religiosity/spirituality—is recurrently reported. Past BABE research has however been critiqued for predominantly
Are we, like sheep, going astray: is costly signaling (or any other mechanism) necessary to explain the belief-as-benefit effect?
The ties that bind us: Ritual, fusion, and identification is a chapter in Current Anthropology, 55(6), 674–695.
Practicing Safe Sects
In Practicing Safe Sects F. LeRon Shults provides scientific and philosophical resources for having “the talk” about religious reproduction: where do gods come from – and what are the costs of


"Moved by the spirit": does spirituality moderate the interrelationships between subjective well-being subscales?
The findings suggest the interrelationship between the subscales rather than the level of SWB varies systematically with spirituality and casts considerable doubt on the previously reported "belief-as-benefit" effect.
Ordinary Spiritual Experience: Qualitative Research, Interpretive Guidelines, and Population Distribution for the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale
The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) is an instrument designed to provide researchers with a self-report measure of spiritual experiences as an important aspect of how
The Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale and Well-Being: Demographic Comparisons and Scale Validation with Older Jewish Adults and a Diverse Internet Sample
All but one of the outcome measures of physical and psychologic well-being were found to be positively associated with the DSES so that more frequent daily spiritual experience correlated with less psychopathology, more close friendships, and better self-rated health.
Validation of the Chinese Version of Underwood’s Daily Spiritual Experience Scale—Transcending Cultural Boundaries?
The psychometric properties of DSES were similar to the English version in factor structure, internal consistency, and convergence/divergence construct validity.
Is it God or Just the Data that Moves in Mysterious Ways? How Well-Being Research may be Mistaking Faith for Virtue
Opinion is mixed regarding the link between spiritual faith-based beliefs (SFBBs) and psychological well-being—however, most published field studies suggest a positive link. Controlled experiments
Daily Spiritual Experiences and Psychological Well-being Among US Adults
This study focuses on one of the most significant recent innovations in the conceptualization and measurement of religiousness and spirituality, the Daily Spiritual Experience scale (DSES; Underwood
The daily spiritual experience scale: development, theoretical description, reliability, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity using health-related data
  • L. Underwood, J. Teresi
  • Psychology
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2002
The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) is described and preliminary evidence showed that daily spiritual experience is related to decreased total alcohol intake, improved quality of life, and positive psychosocial status.
Concerns About Measuring “Spirituality” in Research
  • H. Koenig
  • Philosophy
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 2008
Either spirituality should be defined and measured in traditional terms as a unique, uncontaminated construct, or it should be eliminated from use in academic research.
Both versions of the DSES were stable over time, internally consistent, and the forms were equivalent and valid in an all-African American sample.