“Are we a family or a business?” History and disjuncture in the urban American street gang

  title={“Are we a family or a business?” History and disjuncture in the urban American street gang},
  author={Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh and Steven D. Levitt},
  journal={Theory and Society},
After 1987, in pool halls and city parks, high school football games, storefront churches, youth centers, and other sites where police presence was minimal, high-ranking leaders from Chicago’s largest AfricanAmerican street gang ‘‘Nations’’ began meeting to discuss the latest period of change in their respective associations. Adorned in jewelry and expensive designer clothes, and transported in luxury cars, the leaders left little doubt that underground commerce was at the heart of the gang’s… 
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