“Arapesh Warfare”: Reo Fortune's Veiled Critique of Margaret Mead's Sex and Temperament

  title={“Arapesh Warfare”: Reo Fortune's Veiled Critique of Margaret Mead's Sex and Temperament},
  author={Lise M. Dobrin and Ira Bashkow},
  journal={American Anthropologist},
ABSTRACT  In Sex and Temperament (1935), Margaret Mead depicted the Mountain Arapesh as a nurturing, peace-loving people. But Mead's second husband and fieldwork partner, Reo Fortune, disagreed with this in a 1939 article, “Arapesh Warfare,” which presented evidence that before pacification Arapesh society countenanced warfare. Here we show that “Arapesh Warfare” also contains a submerged argument against Mead's personal integrity and ethnographic authority. Sex and Temperament had its own… Expand

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