“Annihilation through Labor”: The Killing of State Prisoners in the Third Reich*

  title={“Annihilation through Labor”: The Killing of State Prisoners in the Third Reich*},
  author={Nikolaus Wachsmann},
  journal={The Journal of Modern History},
  pages={624 - 659}
  • N. Wachsmann
  • Published 1 September 1999
  • History, Law
  • The Journal of Modern History
One of the most distinctive features of Nazi society was the increasingly radical division of its members into “national comrades” and “community aliens.” The former were to be protected by the state and encouraged to procreate, while the latter were seen as political, social, racial, or eugenic threats and were to be ruthlessly eliminated from society. With the start of the Second World War, various nonlethal forms of discrimination against these “community aliens” were gradually replaced by… 
36 Citations

Race, “value” and the hierarchy of human life: ideological and structural determinants of national socialist policy-making

Since the 1980s the idea that National Socialism possessed an overwhelmingly rigid nucleus of values, focusing on race and a strong belief in the mission of the German Volk, has commanded the

Reproduction and Miscegenation

  • History
    The Holocaust and New World Slavery
  • 2019
The analysis of slave reproduction in this chapter has one purpose: to contrast the Th ird Reich’s defi ning, uncompromising desire to destroy the Jewish People and foreclose the possibility of there

Suicide in Nazi Concentration Camps, 1933-9

  • C. Goeschel
  • History, Law
    Journal of contemporary history
  • 2010
The history of the concentration camps needs to be firmly integrated into the history of nazi terror and the Third Reich, and the conflict between the judiciary and the SS was not a conflict between ‘good’ and ‘evil’, as existing accounts claim.

The Soviet Occupation of Germany: Hunger, Mass Violence and the Struggle for Peace, 1945-1947

This is a major new account of the Soviet occupation of postwar Germany and the beginning of the Cold War. Dr Filip Slaveski shows how in the immediate aftermath of war the Red Army command struggled

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On 21 June 1944, three years after Nazi Germany’s attack on the Soviet Union, Heinrich Himmler, Reichsführer SS and Chef der Deutschen Polizei (Head of the SS and Chief of the German Police), gave a

Building to Death: Prisoner Forced Labour in the German War Economy — The Neuengamme Subcamps, 1942—1945

In 1944 most concentration camp prisoners were not interned in the main camps but in subcamps. These subcamps were erected near important armament production sites, where the work power of the

The Holocaust and New World Slavery

This volume offers the first, in-depth comparison of the Holocaust and new world slavery. Providing a reliable view of the relevant issues, and based on a broad and comprehensive set of data and

Writing a Global History of Convict Labour*

Abstract This bibliographic essay seeks to contribute to the understanding of convict labour from a global and long-term perspective. First the conditions conducive to the emergence and

Looking into the Abyss: Historians and the Nazi Concentration Camps

Nazi concentration camps played a central part in repression, terror and mass murder in the Third Reich. But after the end of the Second World War, historians were initially slow to explore the

"Cast me not off in my time of old age...": The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944

This dissertation reveals connections between the fate of the aged in the Łódź ghetto and the community as a whole through the lens of aging.



The Gestapo and German society : enforcing racial policy 1933-1945

List of maps List of tables Abbreviations and glossary Introduction I. The Gestapo: The emergence of the Gestapo Local organization of the Gestapo and police network II. German Society: Wurzburg and

R 22/1424, Bl

    The administrative apparatus of the Gestapo was not as large as has been suggested in many postwar historical studies

      Reichsminister der Justiz to Generalstaatsanwälte

        Die Geschichte des Konzentrationslagers Mauthausen: Dokumentation (Vienna, 1974)

          99 US 2 FC 585, microfilm 22933, Bl. 142-68: Rede des Reichsministers der Justiz Dr. Thierack in der Grosskundgebung der NSDAP am 5

          • Rede des Staatssekretärs Dr. Rothenberger am 17. Februar
          • 1943

          Frauenstraf-und Verwahrungsanstalt Aichach to Generalstaatsanwalt in München

          • Nr
          • 1943

          There is some controversy as to what this sign looked like

            By contrast, Wolfgang 172-87: Tagung der Oberlandesgerichtspräsidenten und Generalstaatsanwälte im Reichsjustizministerium in Berlin am 10. und 11.2.1943; IfZ, MB-1

              Geheimerlaß des Chefs der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD, 2.1.1941, reprinted in ZStL, VI 415 AR-Nr 1310/63, Staatsanwaltschaft beim Kammergericht Berlin, Einleitungsvermerk vom 30

              • 1965